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Science China Materials

, Volume 61, Issue 5, pp 653–670 | Cite as

Conducting polymer-based peroxidase mimics: synthesis, synergistic enhanced properties and applications

  • Zezhou Yang (杨泽洲)
  • Ce Wang (王策)
  • Xiaofeng Lu (卢晓峰)
Review

Abstract

The concept of artificial enzymes has been proposed for a long time and a large variety of materials have been exploited in enzyme-like catalytic field for decades. The emergence of nanotechnology provides increasing opportunities for the development of artificial enzymes. Conducting polymer-based nanocomposites are a new type of burgeoning functional materials as enzyme mimics owing to their numerous functional groups, excellent electrical conductivity and redox properties. This review summarizes the recent progress of the synthesis of conducting polymers and their nanocomposites, as well as their applications as efficient peroxidase mimics. After a brief description of the development of conducting polymers, we specifically introduce the fabrication of conducting polymers and their nanocomposites via diverse approaches and show the enhanced peroxidase-like catalytic properties. In addition, the mechanism of the enhanced catalytic efficiency of the conducting polymer-based nanocomposites has been proposed. Finally, we highlight the applications of such conducting polymer-based nanocomposites in the sensitive detection of different types of substances. It is anticipated that this review will pave the way for developing more intriguing functional nanomaterials as enzyme mimics, which shows promising applications in a great many technological fields.

Keywords

conducting polymers artificial enzymes peroxidase mimics nanocomposite synergistic effect 

导电高分子基类过氧化物酶: 制备、 协同增强性质及其应用

摘要

人工模拟酶的概念已经提出了很长时间. 近几十年来, 许多材料已经被应用于模拟酶催化领域. 纳米技术的出现给模拟酶的发展提供了越来越多的机会. 由于其众多的官能团、 优异的导电性和氧化还原性质, 导电高分子基纳米复合材料逐渐成为一类新兴的模拟酶功能材料. 本综述介绍了导电高分子及其纳米复合材料的合成以及作为高效类过氧化物酶的应用进展. 在简要介绍导电高分子的发展之后, 我们特别讨论了通过不同方法制备导电高分子及其纳米复合材料, 并且展示了它们增强的类过氧化物酶催化性能. 此外, 我们还提出了导电高分子基纳米复合材料催化效率增强的机理. 最后, 我们强调了这种导电高分子基纳米复合材料在高灵敏检测领域的应用. 本综述为发展更有趣的功能模拟酶纳米材料提供了参考, 这类材料在很多技术领域具有广阔的应用前景.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51473065, 51773075 and 21474043).

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alan G. MacDiarmid Institute, College of ChemistryJilin UniversityChangchunChina

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