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Science China Materials

, Volume 60, Issue 10, pp 947–954 | Cite as

Fabrication of multifunctional carbon encapsulated Ni@NiO nanocomposites for oxygen reduction, oxygen evolution and lithium-ion battery anode materials

  • Dongyang Xu (徐冬阳)
  • Congpu Mu (牟从普)Email author
  • Bochong Wang (王博肿)
  • Jianyong Xiang (向建勇)
  • Wenjun Ruan (阮文君)
  • Fusheng Wen (温福昇)Email author
  • Xia Du (杜夏)
  • Zhongyuan Liu (柳忠元)Email author
  • Yongjun Tian (田永君)
Articles

Abstract

Multifunctional carbon encapsulated Ni@NiO nanocomposites (Ni@NiO@C) were synthesized for applications in oxygen reduction reactions (ORR), oxygen evolution reactions (OER) and lithium-ion batteries (LIB). The morphology was investigated via SEM and TEM, suggesting that the Ni@NiO@C nanocomposites have uniform and spherical core-shell structures. When the Ni@NiO@C nanocomposite is used as the catalyst in ORR, 90% of the initial current density can be maintained after 15 h in O2-saturated 0.1 mol L−1 KOH at 0.3 V under a rotation speed of 1600 rpm. As a catalyst for OER, the highest activity overpotential of the Ni@NiO@C nanocomposite electrocatalyst is 380 mV (vs. RHE) under the current density of 10 mA cm−2, and the Tafel slope was calculated to be 55 mV dec−1 by linear fitting. Electrochemical performances of the Ni@NiO@C nanocomposites used as LIB electrodes exhibited a long cycling life with a high capacity of 750 mA h g1 after 400 cycles under 200 mA g−1.

Keywords

oxygen evolution reaction lithium-ion battery oxygen reduction reaction NiO 

多功能碳包覆的Ni@NiO纳米复合材料用于析氧反应、 氧还原反应和锂离子电池电极的研究

摘要

本文成功合成了多功能的碳包覆Ni@NiO纳米复合材料, 并将其用作析氧反应和氧还原反应催化剂以及锂离子电池的负极材料. 扫描电镜和透射电镜照片表明Ni@NiO@Cm米复合物具有均一的球形核壳结构. 将Ni@NiO@C纳米复合物用作氧还原反应的催化剂时, 在浓度为0.1 mol L−1的氢氧化钾溶中以1600 rpm转速下连续反应15小时后, 电流密度仍然可以保持在初始值的90%以上. 作为析氧反应的催化剂时, 在电流密度为10 mA cm−2时Ni@NiO@C纳米复合物的活性电位是380 mV (vs. RHE). 同时线性拟合的塔菲尔斜率为55 mV dec−1. Ni@NiO@C纳米复合物被用作锂离子电池的负极材料时, 在电流密度为200 mA g−1下循环400圈后, 电池容量还可以达到750 mA h g−1. 结果表明Ni@NiO@Cm米复合物用于氧还原反应、 析氧反应和锂离子电池均具有优异的电化学性能.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51571172, 51672240, 51571171, and 11404280), the Natural Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of Hebei Province (E2017203095), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (E2016203484 and A2015203337), and the Research Program of the College Science & Technology of Hebei Province (ZD2017083 and QN2014047).

Supplementary material

40843_2017_9094_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (289 kb)
Fabrication of multifunctional carbon encapsulated Ni@NiO nanocomposites for oxygen reduction, oxygen evolution and lithium-ion battery anode materials

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dongyang Xu (徐冬阳)
    • 1
  • Congpu Mu (牟从普)
    • 2
    Email author
  • Bochong Wang (王博肿)
    • 2
  • Jianyong Xiang (向建勇)
    • 1
  • Wenjun Ruan (阮文君)
    • 1
  • Fusheng Wen (温福昇)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xia Du (杜夏)
    • 1
  • Zhongyuan Liu (柳忠元)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yongjun Tian (田永君)
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and TechnologyYanshan UniversityQinhuangdaoChina
  2. 2.Hebei Key Laboratory of Microstructure Material PhysicsYanshan UniversityQinhuangdaoChina

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