‘Rich’ and ‘Poor’ Schools Revisited
- 3.6k Downloads
This year the education research community in New Zealand is celebrating fifty years of the publication of the New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies. In this article, it is argued that the half century has been bifurcated by the shift from social democratic discourses of equality for all, to a market choice model of schooling after 1989. This article will explore the social and institutional effects of the policy change on the schooling system, especially in the context of a more unequal society. Key findings include the general diaspora, especially but not only by pākehā, from low decile schools. Schools in the bottom four deciles are all now much smaller on average than twenty-five years ago, and there is no sign of that unequalising process slowing down. Those schools are likely to be very heavily populated with children whose families live below the poverty line. There are social, ethnic and educational implications of the school population shift. Further, choice models have proven to be remarkably enduring and resilient.
KeywordsEducation policy History Sociology Inequality School decile
- Alcorn, N. (1999). To the fullest extent of his powers: C.E. Beeby’s life in education. Wellington: Victoria University Press.Google Scholar
- Bryant, J. (2014). Will anyone stop charter school correction. Downloaded 9 April 2014 from http://ourfuture.org/20140626/will-anyone-stop-charter-school-corruption-2.
- Carpenter, V., & Thrupp, M. (2011). A turn for the worse? Some recent developments in the school sector, in Child Poverty Action Group, left further behind: How New Zealand is failing its children. Auckland: CPAG.Google Scholar
- Codd, J., Harker, R., & Nash, R. (1990). Education, politics and the economic crisis. In J. Codd, R. Harker, & R. Nash (Eds.), Political issues in New Zealand education (2nd ed.). Palmerston North: Dunmore Press.Google Scholar
- Education Review Office. (2012). School report Hornby High School. Downloaded at http://ero.govt.nz/Early-Childhood-School-Reports/School-Reports/Hornby-High-School-03-05-2012.
- Elley, W. (2015). PISA and high-stakes standards based assessment. Quality Public Education Coalition newsletter. Google Scholar
- Esping-Anderson, G. (1990). The three worlds of welfare capitalism. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Fowler, M. (1993). Factors affecting choice of secondary school. Christchurch: University of Canterbury.Google Scholar
- Gordon, L. (1994). Rich and poor schools in Aotearoa. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 29(2), 113.Google Scholar
- Gordon, L. (2004). Why did Kath, Mary and Kim get so little education (and is there hope for their children)? New Zealand Journal of Teachers’ Work, 1(1), 52–63.Google Scholar
- Harker, R. (2000). Roll change and the removal of zoning, 1991–1998. Set, 2, 4–6.Google Scholar
- Hartevelt, J., & Moir, J. (2014). ‘Poorly targeted’ school decile funding may be scrapped. Retrieved on 5.4.15 at http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/education/10738477/Poorly-targeted-school-decile-funding-may-be-dropped.
- Jesson, J. (1999). Battling against the odds: The changing nature of the teacher unions. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 34(1), 133–143.Google Scholar
- Lange, D. (1988). Tomorrow’s schools. Wellington: Government Printer.Google Scholar
- Lauder, H., Hughes, D., & Watson, S. (1999). The introduction of educational markets in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 34(1), 86–96.Google Scholar
- Lubienski, C., Lee, J., & Gordon, L. (2013). Self-managing schools and access for disadvantaged students: Organizational behaviour and school admissions. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 48(1), 82–98.Google Scholar
- McNaughton, A. (1990). Are national examinations at secondary school fair? In J. Codd, R. Harker, & R. Nash (Eds.), Political issues in New Zealand education (2nd ed.). Palmerston North: Dunmore Press.Google Scholar
- Nash, R., & Harker, R. (2005). The predictable failure of school marketisation. In J. Codd & K. Sullivan (Eds.), Education policy directions in Aotearoa New Zealand. Palmerston North: Dunmore Press.Google Scholar
- OECD. (2009). PISA results volume 2: Overcoming social background. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- Ravitch, D. (2010). The death and life of the great american school system: How testing and choice are undermining education. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
- Singh, H. (2014). The decile drift. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11355827.
- Statistics New Zealand. (2013). 2013 census quickstats about Māori. Wellington: Statistics NZ. Retrieved at http://www.stats.govt.nz/Census/2013-census/profile-and-summary-reports/quickstats-about-maori-english.aspx.
- Thrupp, M. (1999). Introduction, special issue—a decade of reform in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 34(1), 5–7.Google Scholar
- Thrupp, M. (2013). At the eye of the storm: Researching schools and their communities enacting National Standards. Herbison Lecture, NZARE. Retrieved at http://www.nzare.org.nz/past-conferences.aspx.
- Thrupp, M., & Alcorn, N. (2010). A little knowledge being a dangerous thing? Decile-based approaches to developing NCEA league tables. New Zealand Annual Review of Education, 20, 52–73.Google Scholar
- Wylie, C. (2012). Vital connections: Why we need more than self-managing schools. Wellington: NZCER Press.Google Scholar