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Oxidative Reactivity of Particulate Samples from Different Diesel Combustion Systems and Its Relation to Structural and Spectral Characteristics of Soot

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Abstract

This work focuses on the investigation of the relationship between structure and oxidation behavior of particulate matter (PM) emitted from different diesel combustion systems. Commercially available graphite and carbon black materials were also studied as representing the soot with the lowest reactivity. An interpretation of the differences of soot oxidation between these materials is attempted based on the carbon morphology and microstructure; thus, various structural parameters, such as the average particle size, specific surface area, degree of nanostructural organization, average crystallite stacking height, fringe length, fringe tortuosity, and surface functional groups, have been opposed to the reactivity of the carbonaceous materials. Small structural differences were observed in between the carbonaceous samples which seem to directly affect the soot reactivity in terms of oxidation. Particulate matter composition (hydrogen-to-carbon ratio, ash content, and volatile matter) appears to have an impact on the soot reactivity.

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Correspondence to Athanasios G. Konstandopoulos.

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Zygogianni, A., Syrigou, M., Konstandopoulos, A.G. et al. Oxidative Reactivity of Particulate Samples from Different Diesel Combustion Systems and Its Relation to Structural and Spectral Characteristics of Soot. Emiss. Control Sci. Technol. 5, 99–123 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40825-019-00118-1

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Keywords

  • Diesel soot particles
  • Soot morphology
  • Soot microstructure
  • Soot oxidation