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Eurasian Economic Review

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 45–69 | Cite as

Managing short-term capital flows in new central banking: unconventional monetary policy framework in Turkey

  • Ahmet Faruk Aysan
  • Salih Fendoglu
  • Mustafa Kilinc
Original Paper

Abstract

During the global financial crisis of 2008–2009, both advanced and emerging countries have implemented significant easing policies on monetary and fiscal fronts. Yet, the recovery, especially in advanced countries, was not as quick or strong as expected. These quantitative easing policies, coupled with weak recovery and restricted fiscal positions, have created not only abundant but also excessively volatile global liquidity conditions, leading to short-term and excessively volatile capital flows to emerging markets. To contain potential risks due to such flows, emerging countries have augmented their existing policy frameworks. Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT), for example, has introduced two new policy tools in its new monetary policy framework: the asymmetric interest rate corridor and the reserve option mechanism (ROM). From a capital flows perspective, the interest rate corridor helps smooth fluctuations in supply of foreign funds, whereas the ROM helps contain movements in demand for foreign funds. Both policies have been actively used by the CBRT and appeared to be effective in containing financial stability risks stemming from excessively volatile capital flows.

Keywords

Capital flows Macroprudential policies Central banking 

JEL Classifications

E44 E52 E58 

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Copyright information

© Eurasia Business and Economics Society 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmet Faruk Aysan
    • 1
  • Salih Fendoglu
    • 1
  • Mustafa Kilinc
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Bank of the Republic of TurkeyAnkaraTurkey

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