Computational study on vertical axis wind turbine car: static study

Abstract

This paper describes the static simulation of three models of a vertical axis wind turbine car using computational fluid dynamic (Autodesk CFD). In this study, the considered three models have different 3 blade wind turbine: NACA 0012 with an angle of attack 2°, big single C-section and C-section blades. The vertical axis wind turbine car was designed using AutoCAD 2014. The most significant parameter considered in order to design a suitable vertical axis wind turbine car is the aerodynamic drag in terms of drag force and drag coefficient. The simulation was performed for wind speeds ranging between 4 and 8 m/s. The wind speeds have been considered during the analysis under turbulence k–ε model. The results show the aerodynamic drag and the characteristics of streamlines flow that occurs on the vertical axis wind turbine and the body of the car especially for the forebody, upper body, and rear body. These parameters were used to compare the three different models of the wind car. Consequently, it was shown in the results that the big single C-section blade is the most efficient blade for a vertical axis wind turbine car since it has the maximum drag force, compared to the other blades.

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Notes

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    Empirical Equation for the flat plate drag coefficient (Abreu 2013).

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Acknowledgements

The author wishes to thank the Faculty of Engineering especially the Mechanical Engineering Department for their support during the work validation of this new technology. Also, the author wishes to express their sincere thanks to Assist. Prof. Dr. Hüseyin Çamur for his critical comments.

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Correspondence to Youssef Kassem.

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Kassem, Y. Computational study on vertical axis wind turbine car: static study. Model. Earth Syst. Environ. 4, 1041–1057 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40808-018-0461-x

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Keywords

  • Aerodynamic drag
  • Blade
  • CFD
  • Streamlines flow
  • Vertical axis wind turbine
  • Wind car