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Modeling Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 815–823 | Cite as

The use of ALADIN model and MERRA-2 reanalysis to represent dust seasonal dry deposition from 2006 to 2010 in Senegal, West Africa

  • Dialo Diop
  • Abdoulaye Kama
  • Mamadou Simina Drame
  • Moussa Diallo
  • Demba Ndao Niang
Original Article

Abstract

The objective of this work is to study the seasonal distribution of dust dry deposition in West Africa particularly in Senegal. This initiative is part of the efforts to improve the performance of photovoltaic panels (PV) in dusty environments such as Sahel region. It will help to evaluate the impact of dust dry deposition on these PV. Two climate models including dust modules during 2006–2010, were used: MERRA-2 (Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, version 2) reanalysis and ALADIN (Aire Limitée Adaptation dynamique Développement InterNational) model. In Mbour (Senegal), the aerosol optical depth (AOD) from these two products has been validated by in situ data. Indeed, MERRA-2 and ALADIN fairly simulate the AOD with a maximum in March and June. However, these products tend to overestimate measurements, especially for ALADIN. The correlation coefficient between in situ AOD and products is evaluate almost 0.83 for MERRA-2 and 0.72 for ALADIN. From 2007 to 2009, dust deposition measurement campaign was conducted in Mbour. The comparison between these seasonal data and simulations show a right coherence even if MERRA-2 underestimates measurement and ALADIN overestimates it. The correlation compared to in situ measurements is estimate to 0.71 for MERRA-2 and 0.72 for ALADIN. However, the results showed that ALADIN better describes the seasonal dry deposition during dry season which lasts 9 months despite a strong overestimation in winter. Finally, long-term simulation with ALADIN show that dry deposition maximum occurs from December to May in Senegal and throughout the West Africa region.

Keywords

Dust Deposition ALADIN AOD MERRA-2 Senegal 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Mohamed Mokhtari (Office National de la Météorologie, Algeria) for providing ALADIN simulations.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dialo Diop
    • 1
  • Abdoulaye Kama
    • 2
  • Mamadou Simina Drame
    • 1
    • 3
  • Moussa Diallo
    • 2
  • Demba Ndao Niang
    • 3
  1. 1.FST/Département de Physique, Université Cheikh Anta DiopDakarSénégal
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science, Polytechnic Institute (ESP)University Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (UCAD)DakarSénégal
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Physique de l’atmosphère et de l’Océan Siméon FongangUniversité Cheikh Anta DiopDakar-FannSénégal

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