This work utilized a 37-year (1980–2016) 10 m wind field dataset got from the European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) to examine the wind energy potential in the mid-Atlantic by using the Weibull parameters. The region generally showed a fairly good wind characteristics. The computed annual average wind power (170.23 w/m2) attributes the region as fairly suitable for wind power applications. Furthermore, locations such as State of Ceara and Sao Vicente in the southern and northern mid-Atlantic exhibits higher wind power of approximately 330 w/m2 and are therefore suitable for grid connected wind power applications. In all years and seasons, increasing positive trends in wind power density dominate waters between States of Ceara and Amapa in the southern mid-Atlantic. The wind power density showed an increasing trend of 0.13 w/m2/year in the mid-Atlantic throughout the study period. The trend inclined (1.1 w/m2/year) in winter and declined (− 0.51 w/m2/year) during summer.
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Osinowo, A.A., Okogbue, E.C., Eresanya, E.O. et al. Evaluation of wind potential and its trends in the mid-Atlantic. Model. Earth Syst. Environ. 3, 1199–1213 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40808-017-0399-4
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