Modeling Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 1199–1213 | Cite as

Evaluation of wind potential and its trends in the mid-Atlantic

  • Adekunle Ayodotun OsinowoEmail author
  • Emmanuel Chilekwu Okogbue
  • Emmanuel Olaoluwa Eresanya
  • Olumide Samuel Akande
Original Article


This work utilized a 37-year (1980–2016) 10 m wind field dataset got from the European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) to examine the wind energy potential in the mid-Atlantic by using the Weibull parameters. The region generally showed a fairly good wind characteristics. The computed annual average wind power (170.23 w/m2) attributes the region as fairly suitable for wind power applications. Furthermore, locations such as State of Ceara and Sao Vicente in the southern and northern mid-Atlantic exhibits higher wind power of approximately 330 w/m2 and are therefore suitable for grid connected wind power applications. In all years and seasons, increasing positive trends in wind power density dominate waters between States of Ceara and Amapa in the southern mid-Atlantic. The wind power density showed an increasing trend of 0.13 w/m2/year in the mid-Atlantic throughout the study period. The trend inclined (1.1 w/m2/year) in winter and declined (− 0.51 w/m2/year) during summer.


Wind power Weibull Trend Potentials Region Variation 


Compliance with ethical standards


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Marine Science and TechnologyFederal University of TechnologyAkureNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Meteorology and Climate ScienceFederal University of TechnologyAkureNigeria
  3. 3.Centre for Space Research and ApplicationsFederal University of TechnologyAkureNigeria

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