Advertisement

Chute cut-off processes along a small alluvial channel: a case study of Sangra Khal, sub-tributary of Gour Nadi, West Bengal, India

  • Sadhan Malik
  • Subodh Chandra Pal
  • Biswajit Das
  • Baisakhi Das
Original Article

Abstract

Meandering cutoff is a natural feature of low land alluvial river. It is an inseparable part of it and it is two types, such as neck cutoff and chute cutoff. Among them chute cutoff appears to be complicated and poorly understand. Here, we have observed and tried to describe the mechanisms of chute cutoff within uniform floodplain topography and its locational factors of development. Most of the studies had put their greater emphasis over cutoff formation on larger rivers and they owe it to nick point generation, swale development and embayment formation resulting from overbank flow. Our insitu observations of several years indicate that small agricultural stream with higher return period of over bank flow showing that embayment, nick point formation, weathering, mass wasting and earthworm’s activity are working together to form a chute cutoff. Although their relative degree of dominance in chute formation varies depending on the nature of return period of over bank flow, nature of flood plain and landuse, discharge, vegetation cover, meander properties and channel bank properties.

Keywords

Meander Chute cutoff Small alluvial river Knick point Embayment formation overbank flow earthworms 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We cordially thanks to the Department of Geography, The University of Burdwan for the infrastructural assistance such as using of different kinds of Remote Sensing and GIS software, and writing software. We would also like to acknowledge Professor Sanat Kumar Guchhait for his auspicious comments and suggestions.

References

  1. Bandyopadhyay, S., Kar, N. K., Das, S., Sen, J. (2014). River systems and water resources of West Bengal: a review. Rejuvenation of surface water resources of india: potential, problems and prospects. Geol Soc India, 3:63–84.Google Scholar
  2. Brush, L. M., Wolman, M. G. (1960). Knickpoint behavior in noncohesive material: a laboratory study. Geol Soc Am Bull, 71(1):59–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Camporeale C, Perucca E, Ridolfi L (2008). Significance of cutoff in meandering river dynamics. J Geophys Res. doi:  10.1029/2006JF000694.Google Scholar
  4. Constantine JA, Dunne T (2008) Meander cutoff and the controls on the production of oxbow lakes. Geology 36(1):23–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Constantine JA, McLean SR, Dunne T (2010) A mechanism of chute cutoff along large meandering rivers with uniform floodplain topography. Geol Soc Am Bull 122(5–6):855–869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crickmay CH (1960). Lateral activity in a river of northwestern Canada. J Geol, 377–391Google Scholar
  7. Dietrich WE, Smith JD, Dunne T (1979). Flow and sediment transport in a sand bedded meander. J Geol, 305–315Google Scholar
  8. Erskine W, McFadden C, Bishop P (1992). Alluvial cutoffs as indicators of former channel conditions. Earth Surf Process Landf 17(1), 23–37Google Scholar
  9. Gagliano SM, Howard PC (1984). The neck cutoff oxbow lake cycle along the Lower Mississippi River. In River Meandering, ASCE, pp. 147–158.Google Scholar
  10. Gay GR, Gay HH, Gay WH, Martinson HA, Meade RH, Moody JA (1998) Evolution of cutoffs across meander necks in Powder River, Montana, USA. Earth Surf Process Landf 23(7):651–662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hickin EJ, Nanson GC (1975) The character of channel migration on the Beatton River, northeast British Columbia, Canada. Geol Soc Am Bull 86(4):487–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hooke JM (1995) River channel adjustment to meander cutoffs on the River Bollin and River Dane, northwest England. Geomorphology 14(3):235–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Howard, AD (1992). Modeling channel migration and floodplain sedimentation in meandering streams. Lowland Floodplain Rivers: Geomorphol Perspect, 1–41.Google Scholar
  14. Keller EA, Swanson FJ (1979) Effects of large organic material on channel form and fluvial processes. Earth Surf Process 4(4):361–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mukhopadhyay S, Mukhopadhyay, M., Pal, S. (2012). Advance river geography. ACB PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  16. Ratzlaff, JR (1981). Development and cutoff of Big Bend meander, Brazos River, Texas. Texas J Sci, 33(2–4):121–129.Google Scholar
  17. Stølum, HH (1998). Planform geometry and dynamics of meandering rivers. Geol Soc Am Bull, 110(11):1485–1498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Thompson, DM (2003). A geomorphic explanation for a meander cutoff following channel relocation of a coarse-bedded river. Environ Manag, 31(3):0385–0400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sadhan Malik
    • 1
  • Subodh Chandra Pal
    • 1
  • Biswajit Das
    • 1
  • Baisakhi Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyThe University of BurdwanBurdwanIndia

Personalised recommendations