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Spatial assessment of soil erosion in Alqerdaha basin (Syria)

  • Hazem Abdo
  • Juliet Salloum
Original Article

Abstract

The objective of this paper is the assessment of soil erosion rate and its spatial distribution in Alqerdaha basin (West of Syria) with a surface area 217 km2. The study was conducted using Universal soil loss equation (USLE) model due to its modest data demand and easy comprehensible structure. Soil erosion affected by rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, topography, vegetation, and conservation support practice factors. According to USLE model, soil erosion was modeled through the production of raster maps of previous factors and multiplied it using GIS and RS techniques. The results show that 12.9% of the study basin has a very low erosion of soil, 20.7% low erosion, 31.3% moderate erosion, 26.3% high erosion, and 8.8% a very high erosion. These results will be useful for soil conservation management and the planning of mitigation measures.

Keywords

Spatial modeling Soil erosion USLE Alqerdaha basin Syria 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the professional English reviewer Ghada Abo Ali.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geography DepartmentTishreen UniversityLatakiaSyrian Arab Republic

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