Evolutionary Psychological Science

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 191–201 | Cite as

Are Women Sexually Fluid? The Nature of Female Same-Sex Attraction and Its Evolutionary Origins

  • Menelaos Apostolou
Theoretical Article


The notion that female sexuality is fluid, meaning that women can experience attractions for either men or women depending on the circumstances, has been widely accepted by the academic community. Accordingly, scholars have attempted to develop evolutionary models that could explain why selection forces have favored sexual fluidity in women. The present paper reviews longitudinal studies on sexual attraction which indicate that the great majority of women do not have a fluid sexuality, but have instead stable attractions over time. Moreover, the current paper reviews studies on arousal, in order to demonstrate that they indicate a weak correlation between sexual arousal and sexual attraction in women, and not that women are attracted to both sexes. The evolutionary implications of the findings on female sexuality are further explored.


Sexual fluidity Same-sex attraction Homosexuality Sexual arousal 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesUniversity of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus

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