In this study, the effect of the surface parameters variation as the symbol of surface condition on the wear behavior was studied. For approaching this issue, the precipitated coating, chromium electroplating was applied on the titanium substrate. The maximum obtained microhardness was 510 HV0.5 and 3 N load was chosen as the applying load within the wear test due to the results of the determination of the load test. The best sample with 0.21 g weight loss obtained which was coated at 30 A/dm2 within 15 min. Also, the analysis displayed that both abrasive and adhesive wear mechanisms were active within the wear test. The precipitated feature of the obtained chromium coating plays an important part in the wear performance. Proposed experimental relation based on obtained results shows that different surface parameters including surface roughness, the height of the asperities, and the height of the peaks has meaningful relation with the measured wear rate. Finally, the friction coefficient was decreased remarkably from 1.12 to 0.56.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Sahraoui T, Guessasma S, Fenineche NE, Montavon G, Coddet C (2004) Friction and wear behaviour prediction of HVOF coatings and electroplated hard chromium using neural computation. Mater Lett 58:654–660
Carvalho ALM (2007) International Journalof Fatigue Influence of shot peening and hard chromium electroplating on the fatigue strength of 7050-T7451 aluminum alloy. Int J Fatigue 29:1282–1291
Ali S, Mehrabani N, Ahmadzadeh R, Abdian N, Tabrizi AT, Aghajani H (2020) Synthesis of Ni-GO nanocomposite coatings: Corrosion evaluation. Surf Interfaces 20
Contreras E, Galindez Y, Rodas MA, Bejarano G, Gómez MA (2017) CrVN / TiN nanoscale multilayer coatings deposited by DC unbalanced magnetron sputtering. Surf Coat Technol (July):0–1
Deepak JR, Raja VKB, Saravanan G (2019) Results in physics mechanical and corrosion behavior of Cu, Cr, Ni and Zn electroplating on corten A588 steel for scope for betterment in ambient construction applications. Results Phys 14:102437
Goli E, Aghajani H (2018) Short communication A study on corrosion resistance of Al magnetron sputtering coated AZ31 magnesium alloy. Vaccum 152:231–238
Shahriari A, Aghajani H (2017) Electrophoretic deposition of 3YSZ coating on AZ91D using an aluminum interlayer. Prot Met Phys Chem Surf 53(3):518–526
Rastkerdar E, Aghajani H, Kianvash A, Sorrell CC (2018) Microstructural characterization of AA5183 aluminum clad AISI 1018 steel prepared by electro spark deposition Microstructural characterization of AA5183 aluminum clad AISI 1018 steel prepared by electro spark deposition. Mater Res Express 5(4):46507
Chien CW, Liu CL, Chen FJ, Lin KH, Lin CS (2012) Microstructure and properties of carbon – sulfur-containing chromium deposits electroplated in trivalent chromium baths with thiosalicylic acid. Electrochim Acta 72:74–80
Hadavi SMM, Abdollah-zadeh A, Jamshidi MS (2004) The effect of thermal fatigue on the hardness of hard chromium electroplatings. J Mater Process Technol 147:385–388
Han S, Lin JH, Tsai SH, Chung SC, Wang DY, Lu FH, Shih HC (2000) Corrosion and tribological studies of chromium nitride coated on steel with an interlayer of electroplated chromium. Surf Coat Technol 460–465
Wang L, Nam KS, Kwon SC (2003)Transmission electron microscopy study of plasma nitriding of electroplated chromium coating. Appl Surf Sci 207:372–377
Huang CA, Liu YW, Chuang CH (2009) The hardening mechanism of a chromium – carbon deposit electroplated from a trivalent chromium-based bath. Thin Solid Films 517(17):4902–4904
Chang JH, Hsu FY, Liao MJ, Huang CA (2007) A study of direct- and pulse-current chromium electroplating on rotating cylinder electrode (RCE). Appl Surf Sci 253:6829–6834
Voorwald HJC, Padilha R, Costa MYP, Pigatin WL, Cioffi MOH (2007) Effect of electroless nickel interlayer on the fatigue strength of chromium electroplated AISI 4340 steel. Int J Fatigue 29:695–704
Mahmoudi D, Tabrizi AT, Aghajani H (2021) Study the variation of surface topography & corrosion resistance of Cr-GO nanocomposite coatings by addition of GO nanoparticles. Surf Topogr Metrol Prop. https://doi.org/10.1088/2051-672X/abe6f3
Sheu H, Lu C, Hou K, Kuo M, Ger M (2015) Effects of alumina addition and heat treatment on the behavior of Cr coatings electroplated from a trivalent chromium bath. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 48:73–80
Sheu HH, Lee HB, Jian SY, Hsu CY, Lee CY (2016) Investigation on the corrosion resistance of trivalent chromium conversion passivate on electroplated Zn – Ni alloy. Surf Coat Technol 305:241–248
Nascimento MP, Souza RC, Miguel IM, Walter L, Voorwald HJC (2001) Effects of tungsten carbide thermal spray coating by HP r HVOF and hard chromium electroplating on AISI 4340 high strength steel. Surf Coat Technol 138:113–124
Daure JL, Carrington MJ, Shipway PH, Mccartney DG, Stewart DA (2018) A comparison of the galling wear behaviour of PVD Cr and electroplated hard Cr thin films. Surf Coat Technol 350(June):40–47
Podgoric S, Jones BJ, Bulpett R, Troisi G, Franks J (2009) Diamond-like carbon / epoxy low-friction coatings to replace electroplated chromium. Wear 267:996–1001
Cheng X, Jiang Z, Wei D, Wu H, Jiang L (2019) Adhesion, friction and wear analysis of a chromium oxide scale on a ferritic stainless steel. Wear 426–427(January):1212–1221
Abouelatta OB, Swain MV (2010) Effect of chromium interlayer on the shear bond strength between porcelain and pure titanium. Dent Mater 26(8):793–798
Ahmadzadeh R, Abdian N, Naziri SA, Tabrizi AT. Evaluating corrosion behavior of Ni electroplating on titanium substrate. International Conference of Materials Engineering, pp 1–11
Zeng Z, Wang L, Chen L, Zhang J (2006) The correlation between the hardness and tribological behaviour of electroplated chromium coatings sliding against ceramic and steel counterparts. Surf Coatings Technol 201(6):2282–2288
International ASM, ASM Metals handbook, vol 3 alloy phase diagrams
Tabrizi AT, Aghajani H, Laleh FF (2021) Tribological characterization of hybrid chromium nitride thin layer synthesized on titanium. Surf Coat Technol 419:127317
Tabrizi AT, Aghajani H, Saghafian H, Laleh FF (2020) Correction of archard equation for wear behavior of modified pure tiitanium. Tribol Int 105:106772
Hossein S, Soltanieh M, Aghajani H (2016) Repairing the cracks network of hard chromium electroplated layers using plasma nitriding technique. Vaccum 127:1–9
Mandal P, Ehiasarian AP, Hovsepian PE (2014) Lubricated sliding wear mechanism of chromium-doped graphite-like carbon coating. Tribiology Int 77:186–195
Günen A, Kalkandelen M, Gök MS, Kanca E, Kurt B, Karakaş MS, Karahan IH, Cetin M (2020) Characteristics and high temperature wear behavior of chrome vanadium carbide composite coatings produced by thermo-reactive diffusion. Surf Coat Technol Vl 402:126402
Bobzin K, Bagcivan N, Ewering M, Brugnara RH, Theiß S (2011) DC-MSIP/HPPMS (Cr, Al, V) N and (Cr, Al, W) N thin films for high-temperature friction reduction. Surf Coat Technol 205(8–9):2887–2892
Torgerson TB, Mantri SA, Banerjee R, Scharf TW (2019) Room and elevated temperature sliding wear behavior and mechanisms of additively manufactured novel precipitation strengthened metallic composites. Wear 426–427(December 2018):942–951
Conflict of interest
Hereby, we confirmed that there is no conflict in interests.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Tabrizi, A.T., Aghajani, H. & Laleh, F.F. Tribological Study of Thin-Electroplated Chromium: Evaluation of Wear Rate as a Function of Surface Roughness. Exp Tech (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40799-021-00502-z
- Chromium electroplating
- Wear behavior
- Surface roughness
- Friction coefficient