A New Method of Creating High-Temperature Speckle Patterns and Its Application in the Determination of the High-Temperature Mechanical Properties of Metals
Speckle techniques, such as DIC (Digital Image Correlation) and DSP (Digital Speckle Photography), are frequently used to determine the high-temperature mechanical properties of materials. Speckle techniques require the creation of a random speckle pattern on the surface of the specimen. The most commonly used approach to creating a high-contrast speckle pattern is to spray a layer of black paint particles on a white background. However, in a high-temperature environment, the paint particles tend to peel off or burn off. In this paper, we present an approach that uses a novel laser-engraving technology, where the created speckles will sustain temperatures as high as the melting temperature of the specimen. The size, density, depth and distribution of the speckles can be controlled to suit a particular situation. Since the pattern is part of the specimen, it will never disappear, until the melting temperature of the metal is reached. As an application, we used the technique to determine the elastic modulus of Ti up to 600°C and tungsten up to 1000°C.
KeywordsDIC Speckles High-temperature testing Mechanical property of metals Material testing
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