Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 183–202 | Cite as

Pediatric Laryngeal Anomalies

  • Karthik Balakrishnan
Otolaryngology (EM Arjmand and D Sidell, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Otolaryngology


Purpose of review

Summarize current knowledge regarding the epidemiology, presentation, workup, and management of common and major congenital laryngeal anomalies. Familiarize readers, particularly those providing primary care pediatric services, with these lesions.

Recent findings

Knowledge of these anomalies continues to evolve rapidly, with ongoing wide variation in workup and treatment strategies. Nevertheless, some core principles can be extracted from the current medical literature.


The pediatric larynx is anatomically small but functionally critical. Many anomalies can mimic each other despite requiring very different workup and treatment strategies. In some cases, these anomalies may be life-threatening or may significantly impair function. Familiarity with the nuances of these conditions will likely be useful to primary and specialty providers caring for pediatric patients.


Pediatric Airway Stridor Aspiration Larynx Trachea Congenital anomaly 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Karthik Balakrishnan declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References and Recommended Reading

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Mayo Clinic Children’s CenterMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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