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Perceived Social Support Among Abstinent Individuals with Substance Use Disorder

Abstract

Substance use disorder is a major public health concern in India. Understanding social support among persons who were abstaining from substance use would help in promoting long-term abstinence. To examine perceived social support among abstinent individuals with substance use disorder.Cross-sectional study design was used. Sixty subjects who were attending follow-up service were selected consecutively from out-patient specialty clinic (Addiction Medicine), tertiary care teaching hospital, Bangalore. Persons with SUDs between the age of 18–60 years with minimum abstinence period of three months and above were included. Exploratory analysis such as descriptive statistics, spearmen correlation was used. The study was approved by Institute ethics committee.Mean age of the respondents was 39.6 (S.D ± 9.5) years. Majority (60%) do not have peer pressure, majority (60%) had diagnosis of alcohol dependence and 80% had past history of abstinence, 40% were maintaining abstinence from three to six months. Majority (60%) were never hospitalized. Mean score of perceived social support among persons who were abstaining 90 days and above were 61.48 (± 13.50) indicating high perceived social support. Perceived social support was higher among persons who were abstaining from substance use for three months and above.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by India-US Fogarty Post-Doctoral Training in Chronic Non-Communicable Disorders Across Lifespan Grant # 1D43TW009120 (Sinu Ezhumalai, Post-Doctoral Fellow; LB Cottler, PI).

Funding

National Institute of Mental and Health Neuroscience, Bangalore, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt of India under Human Resource Development Programme in Mental Health (2016-2018).

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Correspondence to Sinu Ezhumalai.

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Rathinam, B., Ezhumalai, S. Perceived Social Support Among Abstinent Individuals with Substance Use Disorder. J. Psychosoc. Rehabil. Ment. Health (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40737-021-00237-5

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Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • Social work treatment
  • Abstinence