Extraction, Characterization and Anticorrosion Potential of an Essential Oil from Orange Zest as Eco-friendly Inhibitor for Mild Steel in Acidic Solution

  • Zakariae BensoudaEmail author
  • El Hassan El Assiri
  • Mouhcine Sfaira
  • Mohamed Ebn Touhami
  • Abdellah Farah
  • Belkhir Hammouti


Current research efforts now focus on the development of novel, cheaper, nontoxic, highly efficient and eco-friendly corrosion inhibitors as alternatives to different inorganic and organic compounds. In this context, orange zest essential oil (OZEO) was investigated as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 1 M HCl medium utilizing different techniques such as gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS), mass loss, electrochemical and scanning electron microscope (SEM) associated with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The obtained results indicated that this OZEO acted as an efficient corrosion inhibitor and the inhibition efficiency reached up to 75.64% at 2.5 g L−1 of OZEO. The potentiodynamic curves revealed that OZEO acted as mixed inhibitor with a predominantly anodic action, facilitating the formation of an adsorbed film over the mild steel surface. The adsorption data is fitted to Langmuir, Flory–Huggins, Freundlich, El-Awady, Temkin, Frumkin, Langmuir–Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherms models and involve chemisorption mechanism. SEM examination and EDX analysis of the mild steel surface confirmed the existence of a protective adsorbed film.


Eco-friendly corrosion inhibitor Essential oil Orange zest GC–MS EDX Adsorption 



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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des Matériaux, de Modélisation et d’Environnement (LIMME)Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah USMBA, Faculté des SciencesFez-AtlasMorocco
  2. 2.Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des Matériaux et Environnement: Modélisation et Application, Faculté des SciencesUniversité Ibn TofaïlKenitraMorocco
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Chimie Organique AppliquéeUniversité Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah USMBA, Faculté des Sciences et TechniquesFèsMorocco
  4. 4.LCAE‒URAC18, Faculté des SciencesUniversité Mohamed PremierOujdaMorocco

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