Improved Performance of 1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate at Steel/HCl Interface by Iodide Ions

  • Husnu Gerengi
  • Moses M. Solomon
  • Saviour A. Umoren
  • H. Ibrahim Ugras
  • Mesut Yildiz
  • Pawel Slepski


The corrosion and corrosion inhibition of St37 steel in 0.1 M HCl solution by 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (EMITFB) and the effect of addition of KI on the inhibitive performance of EMITFB have been examined by electrochemical [electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, potentiodynamic polarization, and dynamic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (DEIS)] and surface examination [scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS)] techniques. Results show that EMITFB could only afford the protection of St37 steel in HCl medium on an average scale. The highest studied concentration of EMITFB (4 mM) affords optimum inhibition efficiency of 78.86% from DEIS method. Addition of iodide ions to EMITFB has beneficial effect on the inhibition efficiency; 86.10% has been achieved by addition of 1 mM KI to 4 mM EMITFB. Adsorption of EMITFB molecules onto the metal surface is via physical adsorption mechanism and follows El Awady et al. kinetic/thermodynamic adsorption isotherm model. SEM and EDS results confirm the improvement of corrosion inhibiting ability of EMITFB by iodide ions. EMITFB and EMITFB + KI behave as mixed-type corrosion inhibitor in the studied environment.


St37 steel Acid solution Corrosion Ionic liquid Corrosion inhibition Iodide ions 



Husnu Gerengi thanks the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey for the financial support under the TUBİTAK-114M933 coded project. Moses M. Solomon is grateful to King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia for accepting him as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that no conflict of interest exist with this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Husnu Gerengi
    • 1
  • Moses M. Solomon
    • 2
  • Saviour A. Umoren
    • 2
  • H. Ibrahim Ugras
    • 3
  • Mesut Yildiz
    • 1
  • Pawel Slepski
    • 4
  1. 1.Corrosion Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringDuzce UniversityDuzceTurkey
  2. 2.Centre of Research Excellence in Corrosion, Research InstituteKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of SciencesDuzce UniversityDuzceTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Electrochemistry, Corrosion and Materials EngineeringGdansk University of TechnologyGdańskPoland

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