A Comparative Tribocorrosion Study of Additive Manufactured and Wrought 316L Stainless Steel in Simulated Body Fluids

  • Johan Stendal
  • Omar Fergani
  • Hitomi Yamaguchi
  • Nuria Espallargas
Article
  • 99 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the corrosion and tribocorrosion behavior of additive manufactured (AM) 316L is investigated and compared to wrought 316L. The experiments were performed in both a 0.9 wt% NaCl solution and a simulated body fluid based on the protein albumin. The results are interpreted based on the analysis of the microstructure, inherent AM porosities and surface roughness. The results confirm that the AM samples present a substandard behavior compared to the wrought materials due to the higher surface area caused by the voids inherent to the AM process.

Keywords

Bio-tribocorrosion Additive manufacturing 316L 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Cristian Torres for his help in conducting the experiments and Vegard Brtan for his help with the SLM process. The authors would like to acknowledge the support from the research center ‘SFI Manufacturing’ and the MKRAM project (Grant No. 248243), which is sponsored by the Research Council of Norway and industrial partners.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Olsson COA, Landolt D (2001) Film growth during anodic polarization in the passive region on 304 stainless steel with Cr, Mo and W additions studied with EQCM and XPS. J Electrochem Soc 148:B438–B449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Olsson COA, Landolt D (2003) Passive films on stainless steels-chemistry, structure and growth. Electrochim Acta 48:1093–1104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jemmely P, Mischler S, Landolt D (1999) Tribocorrosion behaviour of Fe–17Cr stainless steel in acid and alkaline solutions. Tribol Int 32:295–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang Z et al (2016) Effect of proteins on the surface microstructure evolution of a CoCrMo alloy in bio-tribocorrosion processes. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 145:176–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bidiville A et al (2007) Effect of surface chemistry on the mechanical response of metals in sliding tribocorrosion systems. Wear 263:207–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Albrektsson T, Johansson C (2001) Osteoinduction, osteoconduction and osseointegration. Eur Spine J 10:96–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sin JR (2015) Investigation of the corrosion and tribocorrosion behaviour of metallic biomaterials. Doctoral Thesis, Luleaa University of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yan Y (2006) Corrosion and tribocorrosion behaviour of metallic orthopaedic implant materials. Doctoral Thesis, The University of LeedsGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vaithilingam J et al (2016) The effect of laser remelting on the surface chemistry of Ti6al4V components fabricated by selective laser melting. J Mater Process Technol 232:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yamaguchi H, Fergani O, Pei-Ying W (2017) Modification using magnetic field-assisted finishing of the surface roughness and residual stress of additively manufactured components. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 66:305–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Henry P, Takadoum J, Bercot P (2009) Tribocorrosion of 316L stainless steel and TA6V4 alloy in H2SO4 media. Corros Sci 51:1308–1314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mischler S (2008) Triboelectrochemical techniques and interpretation methods in tribocorrosion: a comparative evaluation. Tribol Int 41:573–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mischler S, Debaud S, Landolt D (1998) Wear accelerated corrosion of passive metals in tribocorrosion systems. J Electrochem Soc 145:750–758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Munoz AI, Espallargas N (2011) Tribocorrosion mechanisms in sliding contacts. In: Landolt D, Mischler S (eds) Tribocorrosion of passive metals and coatings. Woodhead Publishing, LausanneGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    von der Ohe CB, Johnsen R, Espallargas N (2010) Modeling the multi-degradation mechanisms of combined tribocorrosion interacting with static and cyclic loaded surfaces of passive metals exposed to seawater. Wear 269:607–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Papageorgiou N, Mischler S (2012) Electrochemical simulation of the current and potential response in sliding tribocorrosion. Tribol Lett 48:271–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Espallargas N, Johnsen R, Torres C (2013) A new experimental technique for quantifying the galvanic coupling effects on stainless steel during tribocorrosion under equilibrium conditions. Wear 307:190–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vieira AC et al (2012) Mechanical and electrochemical deterioration mechanisms in the tribocorrosion of Al alloys in NaCl and in NaNO\(_3\) solutions. Corros Sci 54:26–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Diomidis N et al (2010) Tribocorrosion of stainless steel in sulfuric acid: Identification of corrosion-wear components and effect of contact area. Wear 269:93–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Favero M, Stadelmann P, Mischler S (2006) Effect of the applied potential of the near surface microstructure of a 316L steel submitted to tribocorrosion in sulfuric acid. J Phys D Appl Phys 39:3175–3183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Perret J et al (2010) EBSD, SEM and FIB characterisation of subsurface deformation during tribocorrosion of stainless steel in sulphuric acid. Wear 269:383–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bazzoni A, Mischler S, Espallargas N (2013) Tribocorrosion of pulsed plasma-nitrided CoCrMo implant alloy. Tribol Lett 49:157–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wei R et al (2004) High-intensity plasma ion nitriding of orthopedic materials: part I, tribological study. Surf Coat Technol 186:305–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lanning BR, Wei R (2004) High intensity plasma ion nitriding of orthopedic materials: part II, microstructural analysis. Surf Coat Technol 186:314–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Elik C et al (2008) Effects of plasma nitriding on mechanical and tribological properties of CoCrMo alloy. Surf Coat Technol 202:2433–2438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pichon L et al (2010) CoCrMo alloy treated by floating potential plasma assisted nitriding and plasma based ion implantation: influence of the hydrogen content and of the ion energy on the nitrogen incorporation. Surf Coat Technol 204:2913–2918CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ozturk O, Trkan U, Eroglu A (2006) Metal ion release from nitrogen ion implanted CoCrMo orthopedic implant material. Surf Coat Technol 200:5687–5697CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zavieh AH, Espallargas N (2016) Effect of 4-point bending and normal load on the tribocorrosion-fatigue (multi-degradation) of stainless steels. Tribol Int 99:96–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zavieh AH, Espallargas N (2016) The role of surface chemistry and fatigue on tribocorrosion of austenitic stainless steel. Tribol Int 103:368–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zavieh AH, Espallargas N (2017) The effect of friction modifiers on tribocorrosion and tribocorrosion-fatigue of austenitic stainless steel. Tribol Int 111:368–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    McCafferty E (2009) Thermodynamics of corrosion: pourbaix diagrams. Introduction to corrosion science. Springer, New York, pp 95–117Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Vidal CV, Munoz AI (2011) Electrochemical aspects in biomedical alloy characterization: electrochemical impedance spectrosopy, biomedical engineering, trends in materials science. InTech, LondonGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Galant NJ (2012) Disulfidicity: a scale to characterize the disulfide bond strength via the hydrogenation thermodynamics. Chem Phys Lett 539:11–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johan Stendal
    • 1
  • Omar Fergani
    • 2
  • Hitomi Yamaguchi
    • 3
  • Nuria Espallargas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringNTNUTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Siemens Software IndustryLeuvenBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations