A Comparative Tribocorrosion Study of Additive Manufactured and Wrought 316L Stainless Steel in Simulated Body Fluids

  • Johan Stendal
  • Omar Fergani
  • Hitomi Yamaguchi
  • Nuria Espallargas


In this study, the corrosion and tribocorrosion behavior of additive manufactured (AM) 316L is investigated and compared to wrought 316L. The experiments were performed in both a 0.9 wt% NaCl solution and a simulated body fluid based on the protein albumin. The results are interpreted based on the analysis of the microstructure, inherent AM porosities and surface roughness. The results confirm that the AM samples present a substandard behavior compared to the wrought materials due to the higher surface area caused by the voids inherent to the AM process.


Bio-tribocorrosion Additive manufacturing 316L 



The authors would like to thank Cristian Torres for his help in conducting the experiments and Vegard Brtan for his help with the SLM process. The authors would like to acknowledge the support from the research center ‘SFI Manufacturing’ and the MKRAM project (Grant No. 248243), which is sponsored by the Research Council of Norway and industrial partners.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johan Stendal
    • 1
  • Omar Fergani
    • 2
  • Hitomi Yamaguchi
    • 3
  • Nuria Espallargas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringNTNUTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.Siemens Software IndustryLeuvenBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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