Effect of Temperature and Acid Concentration on Rhizophora mucronata Tannin as a Corrosion Inhibitor

  • Augustine Agi
  • Radzuan Junin
  • Mohd Ikhsan Zakariah
  • Thameem Basha Bukkapattanam


The effect of temperature and acid concentration on a newly formulated tannin as a corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in oil and gas facilities was investigated. Corrosion rate of carbon steel in HCl acid solutions (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30%) by Rhizophora mucronata tannin (RMT) was studied using chemical (weight loss method) and spectroscopic (FTIR) techniques at various temperatures in the ranges of 26–70 °C. At 20% optimum concentration of acid, the FTIR result showed the presence of hydroxyl group, aromatic group, esters and the substituted benzene group, indicating the purity of the tannin. The increase in HCl acid concentration and temperature increased the corrosion rate, but the rate of corrosion was mild with RMT. Therefore, the use of RMT as a cost-effective and environmental-friendly corrosion-inhibiting agent for carbon steel is herein proposed.


Rhizophora mucronata Tannin Corrosion inhibitor HCl acid Carbon steel Oil and gas 



The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE), Malaysia, and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), for supporting this research through Research Management Grant Vot. No. Q. J30000.2546.14H50.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Ituen E, Akaranta O, James A (2016) Green anticorrosive oil field chemical from 5-hydroxytryptophan and synergistic additives for X80 steel surface protection in acidic oil well treatment fluid. J Mol Liq 224:408–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Deyab M (2007) Effect of cationic surfactant and inorganic anions on the electrochemical behaviour of carbon steel in formation water. Corros Sci 49:2315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cheng S, Chen S, Liu T, Chang X, Yin Y (2007) Carboxylmethylchitosan +Cu2+ Mixture as an inhibitor used for mild steel in 1 M HCl. Electrochem Acta 52(19):5932–5938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Daoud D, Daoud T, Issaadi S, Chafaa S (2014) Adsorption and corrosion inhibition of new synthesized thiophene schiff base on mild steel X52 in HCl and H2SO4 solution. Corros Sci 79:50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Berger MN, Boocock G, Harward RN (1969) Polymerization of olefins by ziegler catalysts. Adv Catal 19:211–240Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Daminov A, Ragulin V (2006). Mechanical formation of corrosion damage of inter equipment in wells by continuous scale-inhibitor dosing utilizing surface dosing system: testing scale and corrosion inhibitor. Paper SPE-100476 presented at the SPE international oil field corrosion symposium. 30th MayGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grassino A, Halambek J, Djakovic S, Brncic S (2015) Utilization of tomatoes peel waste from canning factory as a potential source of pectin production and application as a tin corrosion inhibitor. Food Hydrocoll 52:265–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chauhan L, Gunasekaran G (2006) Corrosion inhibition of mild steel by plant extract in dilute HCl medium. Corros Sci 49:1143–1161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Okafor PC, Ikpi ME, Uwah IE, Ebenso EE, Ekpe UJ, Umoren SA (2008) Inhibitory action of Phyllantus amarus extract on the corrosion of mild steel in acidic media. Corros Sci 50:2310–2317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Oguzie E (2008) Evaluation of the inhibitive effect of some plant extracts on the acid corrosion of mild steel. Corros Sci 50:2993–2998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shyamala M, Arulanantham A (2008) Eclipta alba as corrosion pickering inhibitor on mild steel in hydrochloric acid. J Mater Sci Technol 25(5):633–636Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ostovari A, Hoseinieh S, Peikari M, Shadizadeh S, Hashemi S (2009) Corrosion inhibition of mild steel in 1 M HCl solution by henna extract: a comparative study of the inhibition of henna and its constituents. Corros Sci 51:1935–1941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Satapathy A, Gunasekaran G, Sahoo S, Amit K, Rodrigues P (2009) Corrosion Inhibition of Justicia gendarussa Plant Extract in Hydrochloric Acid Solution. Corros Sci 51:2848–2856CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Umoren S, Eduok U, Solomon M, Udoh A (2011) Corrosion inhibition by leaves and stem extract of sida acuta for mild steel in 1 M H2SO4 solutions investigated by chemical and spectroscopic technique. Arab J Chem 9:S209–S224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Al-Sahlanee H, Sultan A, Al-Faize M (2013) Corrosion inhibition of carbon steel in 1 M HCl solution using Sesbania sesban extract. Aquat Sci Technol 1(2):135–151Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Arockiasamy P, Sheela X, Thenmozhi G, Franco M, Sahayaraj J, Santhi R (2014). Evaluation of corrosion inhibition of mild steel in 1 M hydrochloric acid solution by Mollugo cerviana. Int J Corros 1–7Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hussin M, Kassim M, Razali N, Dahon N, Nasshorudin D (2011) The effect of tinospora crispa extract as a natural mild steel corrosion inhibitor in 1 M HCl. Mater Chem Phys 125:461–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hussin M, Rahim A, Ibrahim M, Brosse N (2015) The capacity of ultra filtered alkaline and organosolv oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) fronds lignin as a green corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 05 M HCl solution. Measurement 78:90–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Aribo S, Olusegun S, Ibhadiyi L, Oyetunji A, Folorunso D (2016) Green inhibitor for corrosion protection in acidizing oilfield environment. J Assoc Arab Univ Basic Appl, SciGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    El-Etre AY, Ali AI (2017) A novel new inhibitor for C-steel corrosion in 2.0 mol. L−1 hydrochloric acid solution. Chin J Chem Eng 25:373–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Raghavendra N, Bhat J (2017) Chemical and electrochemical studies on the areca fat as a novel and sustainable corrosion inhibitor for industrially important material in hostile fluid environments. J Bio Tribo Corros 3:12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Martinez S, Stagljar I (2003) Correlation between the molecular and the corrosion inhibition efficiency of chestnut tannin in acidic solution. J Mol Struct Theochem 640:167–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rahim A, Rocca E, Steinmetz J, Ibrahim M (2007) Mangrove tannins and their flavoured monomers as alternative steel corrosion inhibitors in acid medium. Corros Sci 49:402–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rahim A, Kassim M, Rocca E, Steinmetz J (2011) Mangrove (Rhizophora apiculata) tannin: an eco-friendly rust converter. Corros Eng, Sci Technol 46(4):425–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Shah A, Rahim A, Yahya S, Raja B (2011) Acid corrosion inhibition of copper by mangrove tannin. Pigment Resin Technol 40(2):118–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shah A, Rahim A, Hamid S, Yahya M (2013) Green inhibitor for copper corrosion by mangrove tannin. Int J Electrochem Sci 8:2140–2153Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Nik WB, Hajar HM, Idora M, Suriani M, Yakubi A (2015) Effect of mangrove bark condensed tannins (Rhizophora apiculata) as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in simulated splash zone. J Sci Res Dev 2(13):59–63Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Peres R, Cassel E, Azambuja S (2012). Black wattle tannin as steel corrosion inhibitor. Int Sch Res Netw 9Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Oki M, Charles E, Alaka C, Oki T (2011) Corrosion inhibition of mild steel in hydrochloric acid by tannins from Rhizophora racemosa. Mater Sci Appl 2:592–595Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Brown A, Ko H (1997) Black wattle and its utilization. Rural Industrial Research and Development Cooperation, BartonGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mabrour J, Aksirra M, Azzi M (2004) Effect of vegetal tannin on anodic copper dissolution in chloride solution. Corros Sci 46(8):1833–1846CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Yahya S, Shah A, Rahim A, Aziz A, Roslan R (2008) Phase transformation of rust in the presence of various tannin. J Phys Sci 19(1):31–41Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rahim A, Rocca E, Steinmetz J, Kassim M (2008) Inhibitive action of mangrove tannins and phosphoric acid on pre-rusted steel via electrochemical methods. Corros Sci 50:1546–1550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Hill DG, Romijn H (2000) Reduction of risk to the marine environment from oil field chemicals environmentally improved acid corrosion inhibition for well stimulation. NACE International Corrosion Paper No.00342, Orlando, Florida, 26–31 MarchGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Smith C, Dollarhide F, Byth M (1978) Acid corrosion inhibitor: are we getting what we need? J Petrol Technol 30:737–746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Loo AY, Jain K, Darah I (2008) Antioxidant activity of compound isolated from the pyroligneous acid, Rhizophora apiculata. Food Chem 107:1151–1160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Horsup DI, Clark JC, Binks BP, Fletcher PD, Hicks JT (2010) The faith of oil field corrosion inhibitors in multiphase system. Corrosion 66 (3)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Finsgar M, Jackson J (2014) Application of corrosion inhibitor for steel in acidic media for oil and gas industry: a review. Corros Sci 86:17–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Papavinasam S, Revie R, Attard M, Demoz A, Michaelian K (2003) Comparison of technique for monitoring. Corrosion 59:1096–1111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Khadom A, Yaro A, Kadum A (2009) The effect of temperature and acid concentration on corrosion of mild steel in hydrochloric acid medium. Am J Appl Sci 6(7):1403–1409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Emran K (2013) Effect of concentration and temperature on the corrosion properties of Fe–Ni–Mn Alloy in HCl solutions. Res Chem Intermed 41:3583–3596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Haynes GS, Baboian R (1990) Review of laboratory corrosion test and standards. Phila ASTM Spec Tech Publ 1000:505–509Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Gust J (1991) Application of infrared spectroscopy for investigation of rust phase component conversion by agents containing oak tannin and phosphoric acid. Corrosion 47(6):453–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Hoong Y, Paridaha M, Luqman C, Koh M, Loh Y (2009) Fortification of sulfited tannin from the bark of Acacia mangium with phenol-formaldehyde for use as plywood adhesive. Ind Crops Prod 30:416–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Socrates G (2001) Infrared and Raman characteristics group frequency: tables and charts. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Hinggins RA (2004) Engineering metallurgy applied physical metallurgy. Vinod Vasishtha for Viva Books Private Limited, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Ogundare O, Momoh I, Akinribide O, Adetunji A, Borode J, Olusunle S, Adewoye O (2012) Comparative study of corrosion sensitivity of ferrous metals in crude oil. J Miner Mater Charact Eng 11(6):559–568Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Abdul A, Azim Sanad S (1972) Effect of acid concentration, C-content and temperature on the corrosion rate of steel in HCl. Corros Sci 12:313–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Abiola OK (2005) Adsorption of methionine on mild steel. J Chil Chem Soc 50:685–690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Umoren S, Ogbobe O, Igwe I, Ebenso E (2008) Inhibition of mild steel corrosion in acidic medium using synthetic and natural occurring polymers and synthetic halide additives. Corros Sci 50:1998–2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Umoren S, Solomon S, Eduok U, Obot I, Israel A (2014) Inhibition of mild steel corrosion in H2SO4 solution by coconut coir dust extract obtained from different solvent systems and synergistic effect of iodine ions: ethanol and acetone extracts. J Environ Chem Eng 2:1048–1060CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Energy EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM SkudaiJohor BahruMalaysia

Personalised recommendations