Effects of Correspondence Training on Self-Reports of Errors During a Reading Task
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This study investigated correspondence in children’s self-reports about the correctness of previous reading responses. Participants were typically developing children ages 9–14, with a poor school performance. Experiment 1 was conducted in a school setting, and Experiment 2 replicated it in a lab setting. Each trial presented a target word on a computer screen. The child read the word orally and, after the computer dictated the target word, selected a green or a red window to report whether the response had been correct or incorrect, respectively. In an initial baseline, children often selected the green window, regardless of whether they read correctly or not. A correspondence training then provided points for self-reports that corresponded to the reading response, whereas non-corresponding reports did not produce points. Correspondence quickly increased and was maintained in subsequent baseline sessions. Correspondence training was effective to establish accurate reports of errors in these children.
KeywordsCorrespondence training Verbal behavior Self-tact Self-report Children
The first author was supported by a doctoral fellowship by the Ministry of Education (CAPES). The second author had a research productivity fellowship by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), and the third author had an undergraduate fellowship by CNPq. The study was supported by the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP, Grant 03/09928-4). All authors are currently affiliated with Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino, supported by FAPESP (Grant # 08/57705-8) and CNPq (Grant # 573972/2008-7), which provided support for preparation of this manuscript.
We thank Aline R. A. da Costa, Mariéle Cortez, Deisy de Souza, and Bill McIlvane for constructive comments on the research and preparation of the manuscript. We are also grateful to Drausio Capobianco for help with the software used in the research. The final version of the manuscript benefited from thoughtful and constructive comments of anonymous reviewers.
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