Noise pollution distribution in each city around the world is necessarily influenced by its own design. A lot of factor associated to urban planning have a considerable effect on volume of traffic, vehicles distribution, traffic conditions, etc. And it is know that, from a temporal and spatial point of view, the most important source of noise in cities is road traffic. For that, good relationships between urban planning and different factors such as urban density, urban morphology, urban land use, street distribution, street environment and green spaces are being founded. In this way, the fact of finding a sustainable city could be closer, at least with respect to noise pollution. A good knowledge of these relationships would allow better prediction, analysis and prevention of such pollution through an effective design of urban environments. However, although in the first decade of XXI century these relationships were treated in some works, only some aspects of these problems were considered, essentially focused on street functionality. In the last years, this topic has reached more important development and more studies focused on the analysis of the relationships between the distributions of pollution and urbanism. This work makes a revision of spatial sampling methodologies for noise pollution assessment in relation with urban planning and a review of studies that have analysed the relationships between urban noise and different specifics aspects of urban design.
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The authors wish to thank the funded project TRA2015-70487-R (MINECO/FEDER, UE) and the Government of Extremadura, the Regional Ministry of Economy, Trade and Innovation (GR10175), the European Social Fund and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). This work was also partially supported by the Chilean National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT) through the project FONDECYT No. 1180547. G. Rey Gozalo was supported by Juan de la Cierva—Incorporación contract from the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (IJCI-2016-28923).
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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Morillas, J.M.B., Gozalo, G.R., González, D.M. et al. Noise Pollution and Urban Planning. Curr Pollution Rep 4, 208–219 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40726-018-0095-7
- Noise pollution
- Sampling methods
- Urban planning