Current Trauma Reports

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 89–96 | Cite as

Injury Prevention and State Law as Strategies for the Reduction of Child Maltreatment Fatalities

  • John M. DrausJr
  • Julia Costich
  • Susan H. Pollack
  • Melissa L. Currie
  • Mary E. FallatEmail author
Injury Prevention (T Raybould, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Injury Prevention


Purpose of Review

This review focuses on one state’s multidisciplinary legislative efforts to decrease the incidence of child maltreatment, including fatalities and near-fatalities. Such efforts have encompassed primary and secondary prevention modalities, including early support to parents, training, and education about recognition and reporting of child maltreatment for professionals who interact with children, review of all child deaths, and multidisciplinary in-depth case review of the most serious child maltreatment cases.

Recent Findings

Although reliable trends can be difficult to determine based upon the complexity of the problem and multiple confounding variables, there are a number of indicators that suggest these cumulative efforts are beginning to have a favorable impact on the most serious child maltreatment cases, although heightened awareness has likely contributed to an increase in the total number of reported cases.


Multidisciplinary collaborative efforts including governmental, academic, and non-profit entities may affect meaningful change in legislation and other interventions to decrease the incidence of the most serious cases of child maltreatment.


Injury prevention State policy Child abuse Child maltreatment 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Drs. Draus, Costich, Pollack, Currie, and Fallat declare no conflicts of interest relevant to this manuscript.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • John M. DrausJr
    • 1
  • Julia Costich
    • 2
  • Susan H. Pollack
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Melissa L. Currie
    • 5
  • Mary E. Fallat
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of General Surgery, Division of Pediatric SurgeryUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  2. 2.Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research CenterUniversity of Kentucky College of Public HealthLexingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pediatrics, College of MedicineUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, College of Public HealthUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  5. 5.Kosair Charities Division of Pediatric Forensic Medicine, Department of PediatricsUniversity of Louisville School of MedicineLouisvilleUSA
  6. 6.Hiram C. Polk, Jr. Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric SurgeryUniversity of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA

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