Impact of Abandoned Opencast Mines on Hydrological Processes of the Olidih Watershed in Jharia Coalfield, India

Abstract

The Olidih watershed hydrology was affected by opencast mines for the past five decades. This study explores the potential hydrological effect of these mines using Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT2012). The calibration and validation of the model was performed using daily streamflow and sediment yield data (2005–2008) at the outlet of the water shed. The model performed satisfactorily during simulation when tested with statistical indicators. The alternative scenario of no-mines was also modelled to assess the potential impact of abandoned opencast mines for the period 2005–2010. Results show that the abandoned opencast mines play a crucial role in altering hydrological processes of the watershed with 16% increase in the annual sediment yield and reduction of 51% and 6% in annual surface flow and water yield, respectively. This may be due to surface soil disturbance and accumulation of surface runoff in large depressions that resulted in less surface runoff and 13% more groundwater flow. The contribution of this analysis is the application of SWAT in modelling potential hydrological effect of abandoned opencast mines by defining large opencast mines as pothole during simulation.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. Abbaspour KC (2007) User manual for SWAT-CUP, SWAT calibration and uncertainty analysis programs. Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag, Duebendorf, Switzerland

    Google Scholar 

  2. Abbaspour KC (2008) SWAT-CUP2: SWAT calibration and uncertainty programs—a user manual. Duebendorf: Department of Systems Analysis, Integrated Assessment and Modelling (SIAM), Eawag. Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology

  3. Abbaspour KC, Yang J, Maximov I, Siber R, Bogner K, Mieleitner J, Zobrist J, Srinivasan R (2007) Modelling hydrology and water quality in thepre-alpine/alpine Thur watershed using SWAT. J Hydrol 333(2–4):413–430

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Almendinger JE, Murphy MS, Ulrich JS (2014) Use of the soil and water assessment tool to scale sediment delivery from field to watershed in an agricultural landscape with topographic depressions. J Environ Qual 43(1):9–17

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Amatya DM, Jha M, Edwards AE, Williams TM, Hitchcock DR (2011) SWAT-based streamflow and embayment modeling of karst-affected chapel branch watershed, South Carolina. ASABE Trans 54(4):1311–1323

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Bhakdisongkhram T, Koottatep S, Towprayoon S (2007) A water model for water and environmental management at Mae Moh mine area in Thailand. Water Resour Manag 21(9):1535–1552

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Bracmort KS, Arabi M, Frankenberger JR, Engel BA, Arnold JG (2006) Modeling long-term water quality impact of structural BMPS. ASABE Trans 49(2):367–374

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Burbey TJ, Younos T, Anderson ET (2000) Hydrologic analysis of discharge sustainability from an abandoned underground coal mine. J Am Water Resour Assoc 36:1161–1172

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Choubey VD, Rawat RK (1991) Hydrogeologic and environmental impact of Amjhore pyrite mines, India. Environ Geol Water Sci 17:51–60

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Dvoracek J, Slivka V, Sterba J (2004) Problems connected with the underground mines closed. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Mining Science and Technology, Xuzhou. Taylor & Francis, doi:10.1201/9780203022528.ch124

  11. Evenson GR, Golden HE, Lane CR, D’Amico E (2015) Geographically isolated wetlands and watershed hydrology: a modified model analysis. J Hydrol 529(1):240–256

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Ford D, Williams PW (1989) Karst geomorphology and hydrology. Unwin Hyman, London

    Google Scholar 

  13. Galván L, Olías M, de Villarán RF, Santos JD, Nieto JM, Sarmiento AM, Cánovas CR (2009) Application of the SWAT model to an AMD-affected river (Meca River, SW Spain).Estimation of transported pollutant load. J Hydrol 377(3):445–454

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Gong Y, Shen Z, Liu R, Wang X, Chen T (2010) Effect of watershed subdivision on SWAT modeling with consideration of parameter uncertainty. J Hydrol Eng ASCE 15(12):1070–1074

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Hawkins JW (2004) Predictability of surface mine spoil hydrologic properties in the Appalachian plateau. Ground Water 42:119–125

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Houghton JT, Ding Y, Griggs DJ, Noguer M, van der Linden PJ, Dai X, Maskell K, Johnson CA (2001) Climate change 2001: the scientific basis. Contribution of working group I to the third assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

  17. Jhanwar MC (1996) Application of remote sensing for environmental monitoring in Bijolia mining area of Rajasthan. J Ind Soc Rem Sens 24:255–264

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Kumar S, Mishra A (2015) Critical erosion area identification based on hydrological response unit level for effective sedimentation control in a river basin. Water Resour Manag 29:1749–1765. doi:10.1007/s11269-014-0909-3

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Li S, Chen YF, Li ZJ, Zhang K (2016) Applying a statistical method to streamflow reduction caused by underground mining for coal in the Kuye River basin. Sci China Technol Sci 59(12):1911–1920

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. López DL, Stoertz MW (2001) Chemical and physical controls on waters discharged from abandoned underground coal mines. Geochem-Explor Environ A 1:51–60

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Menzel L, Koch J, Onigkeit J, Schaldach R (2009) Modelling the effects of land-use and land-cover change on water availability in the Jordan river region. Adv Geosci 21:73–80

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Michalski SR (2004) The Jharia mine fire control technical assistance project: an analysis. Int J Coal Geol 59(1):83–90

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Moriasi DN, Arnold JG, Van Liew MW, Bingner RL, Harmel RD, Veith TL (2007) Model evaluation guidelines for systematic quantification of accuracy in watershed simulations. ASABE Trans 50(3):885–900

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Narsimlu B, Gosain AK, Chahar BR (2015) SWAT model calibration and uncertainty analysis for streamflow prediction in the Kunwari River Basin, India, using sequential uncertainty fitting. Environ Process 2(1):79–95

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Neitsch SL, Arnold JG, Kiniry JR, Williams JR (2005) Soil and water assessment tool: theoretical documentation, version 2005. Grassland, Soil & Water Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, Temple, TX, USA

  26. Neitsch SL, Arnold JG, Kiniry JR, Williams JR (2011) Soil and water assessment tool theoretical documentation version 2009. Texas Water Resources Institute, TR No. 406, TX, USA

  27. Olias M, Nieto JM, Sarmiento AM (2011) Water quality in the future Alcolea reservoir (Odiel River, SW Spain): a clear example of the inappropriate management of water resources in Spain. Water Resour Manag 25(1):201–215

  28. Saini V, Gupta RP, Arora MK (2015) Environmental issues of coal mining - A case study of Jharia coal-field, India. International Conference on Engineering Geology in New Millennium, At IIT Delhi, New Delhi. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4363.8805

  29. Saleh A, Arnold JG, Gassman PW, Hauk LM, Rosenthal WD, Williams JR, MacFarland AMS (2000) Application of SWAT for the upper north Bosque River watershed. ASABE Trans 43(5):1077–1087

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Siddle RC, Kamil I, Sharma A, Yamashita S (2000) Stream response to subsidence from underground coal mining in central Utah. Environ Geol 39:279–291

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Tolson BA, Shoemaker CA (2004) Watershed modeling of the Cannonsville basin using SWAT2000: model development, calibration and validation for the prediction of flow, sediment and phosphorus transport to the Cannonsville reservoir. Technical Report, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, New York, USA

  32. Tripathi MP, Panda RK, Raghuwanshi NS (2003) Identification and prioritisation of critical sub-watersheds for soil conservation management using the SWAT model. Biosyst Eng 85(3):365–379

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Van Roosmalen L, Sonnenborg TO, Jensen KH (2009) Impact of climate and land use change on the hydrology of a large-scale agricultural catchment. Water Resour Res 45:W00A15. doi:10.1029/2007WR006760

    Google Scholar 

  34. Wan R, Liu D, Munroe DK, Cai S (2013) Modelling potential hydrological impact of abandoned underground mines in the Monday Creek watershed, Ohio. Hydrol Process 27(25):3607–3616

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Xiao W, Hu Z, Chugh YP, Zhao Y (2014) Dynamic subsidence simulation and topsoil removal strategy in high groundwater table and underground coal mining area: a case study in Shandong Province. Int J Min Reclam Environ 28(4):250–263

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Yang J, Yanga J, Reicherta P, Abbaspour KC, Xiab J, Yanga H (2008) Comparing uncertainty analysis techniques for a SWAT application to Chaohe basin in China. J Hydrol 358(1–2):1–23

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Yellishetty M, Mudd GM, Shukla R (2013) Prediction of soil erosion from waste dumps of opencast mines and evaluation of their impacts on the environment. Int J Min Reclam Environ 27(2):88–102

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to V. T. Shinde.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Shinde, V.T., Tiwari, K.N., Singh, M. et al. Impact of Abandoned Opencast Mines on Hydrological Processes of the Olidih Watershed in Jharia Coalfield, India. Environ. Process. 4, 697–710 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40710-017-0258-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • Opencast mines
  • Hydrological response
  • SWAT
  • Scenario analysis