Contemporary School Psychology

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 148–162 | Cite as

School Behavioral Threat Assessment and Management

  • Melissa A. Louvar ReevesEmail author
  • Stephen E. Brock
Tools for Practice


While schools are safer today than in years past, one act of school violence is one too many. Recent reports have conveyed the importance of schools developing and implementing protocols and procedures to prevent or mitigate school violence. To assist with this task, this article addresses behavioral threat assessment and management (BTAM) in the K-12 school setting and the school psychologist’s role in risk and threat assessment. Best practices in establishing a K-12 behavioral threat assessment and management process, including the assessment of risk factors and warning signs, identification of concerns, and follow-up interventions and monitoring are discussed. Ethical and legal considerations are also reviewed.


Violence Threat assessment Risk factors Warning signs Intervention 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of both authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© California Association of School Psychologists 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School Psychology Program, Department of PsychologyWinthrop UniversityRock HillUSA
  2. 2.Graduate and Professional Studies in EducationCalifornia State UniversitySacramentoUSA

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