Bullying Among Middle School Children Raised by Grandparents
Empirical research investigating the growing population of children raised by grandparents remains sparse. Much of the research examines the grandparents’ functioning and suggests that they experience heightened psychosocial distress. Although the children are reported to manifest psychosocial and behavioral difficulty, a dearth of empirical research investigates their perceptions of their peer relationships or bullying involvement. Research suggests the children’s developmental trajectory is likely influenced by their potential for insecure attachment. In this study, a nationally representative US sample of 4552 seventh- and eighth-grade children raised by their grandparents obtained from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children survey is examined. The results reveal that head-of-household arrangement is associated with the children’s self-reported perceptions of bullying behavior. Children raised by grandparents will likely benefit from bullying prevention programs that take into account the specific dynamics, such as insecure attachment, associated with living in this alternate family arrangement.
KeywordsBullying Victimization Middle school Children raised by grandparents Grandparents raising grandchildren
Compliance with Ethical Standards
This is an unfunded study.
Conflict of Interest
The author of this manuscript declares no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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