Epstein RM, Krasner MS. Physician resilience: what it means, why it matters and how to promote it. Acad Med. 2013;88:301–3.
Wald HS, Anthony D, Hutchinson TA, Liben S, Smilovitch M, Donato AA. Professional identity formation in medical education for humanistic, resilient physicians: pedagogic strategies for bridging theory to practice. Acad Med. 2015;90(6):753–60. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000000725.
Royal College of Physicians of London. Doctors in society: medical professionalism in a changing world. London, UK: Royal College of Physicians of London; 2055.
Cruess RL, Cruess SR, Boudreau JD, Snell L, Steinert Y. Reframing medical education to support professional identity formation. Acad Med. 2014;89(11):1446–51.
Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Shanafelt TD. Systematic review of depression, anxiety, and other indicators of psychological distress among U.S. and Canadian medical students. Acad Med. 2006;81(4):354–73. https://doi.org/10.1097/00001888-200604000-00009.
Brazeau CMLR, Schroeder R, Rovi S, Boyd L. Relationships between medical student burnout, empathy, and professionalism climate. Acad Med. 2010;85(10):S33–6. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181ed4c47.
McNeill KG, Kerr A, Mavor KI. Identity and norms: the role of group membership in medical student wellbeing. Perspect Med Educ. 2014;3(2):101–12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40037-013-0102-z.
Duffy RD, Allan BA, Bott EM, Dik BJ. Does the source of a calling matter? External summons, destiny, and perfect fit. J Career Assess. 2014;22(4):562–74. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069072713514812.
Dik BJ, Duffy RD. Calling and vocation at work: definitions and prospects for research and practice. Couns Psychol. 2009;37(3):424–50.10.
Yoon JD, Daley BM, Curlin FA. The association between a sense of calling and physician well-being: a national study of primary care physicians and psychiatrists. Acad Psychiatry. 2017;41(2):167–73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40596-016-0487-1.
Jager AJ, Tutty MA, Kao AC. Association between physician burnout and identification with medicine as a calling. Mayo Clin Proc. 2017;92(3):415–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2016.11.012.
Goodin JB, Duffy RD, Borges NJ, Ulman CA, D’Brot VM, Manuel RS. Medical students with low self-efficacy bolstered by calling to medical speciality. Perspect Med Educ. 2014;3(2):89–100. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40037-014-0110-7.
Borges NJ, Manuel RS, Duffy RD. Speciality interests and career calling to medicine among first-year medical students. Perspect Med Educ. 2013;2(1):14–7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40037-012-0037-9.
Clance PR, O’Toole MA. The imposter phenomenon: an internal barrier to empowerment and achievement. Women Ther. 1987;6(3):51–64. https://doi.org/10.1300/J015V06N03_05.
Henning K, Ey S, Shaw D. Perfectionism, the impostor phenomenon and psychological adjustment in medical, dental, nursing and pharmacy students. Med Educ. 1998;32(5):456–64.
Villwock JA, Sobin LB, Koester LA, Harris TM. Impostor syndrome and burnout among American medical students: a pilot study. Int J Med Educ. 2016;7:364–9. https://doi.org/10.5116/ijme.5801.eac4.
Harari MJ, Waehler CA, Rogers JR. An empirical investigation of a theoretically based measure of perceived wellness. J Couns Psychol. 2005;52(1):93–103.
Dik BJ, Eldridge BM, Steger MF, Duffy RD. Development and validation of the calling and vocation questionnaire (CVQ) and brief calling scale (BCS). J Career Assess. 2012;20(3):242–63.
Leach CW, van Zomeren M, Zebel S, Vliek MLW, Pennekamp SF, Doosje B, et al. Group-level self-definition and self-investment: a hierarchical (multicomponent) model of in-group identification. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2008;95(1):144–65. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.206.
Chrisman SM, Pieper WA, Clance PR, Holland CL, Glickauf-Hughes C. Validation of the Clance imposter phenomenon scale. J Pers Assess. 1995;65(3):456–67.
Pratt MG, Rochman KW, Kaufman Jerry B. Constructing professional identity: the role of work and identity learning cycles in the customization of identity in medical residents. Acad Manag J. 2006;49(2):235–62.
Parkman A. The imposter phenomenon in higher education: incidence and impact. J High Educ Theory Pract. 2016;16(1):51–60.
Duffy RD, Manuel RS, Borges NJ, Bott EM. Calling, vocational development, and well being: a longitudinal study of medical students. J Vocat Behav. 2011;79(2):361–6.