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A Delphi Study to Determine Leveling of the Interprofessional Core Competencies for Four Levels of Interprofessional Practice

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Abstract

Introduction

Although the Core Competencies for Interprofessional Education (IPE) provide guidance in developing interprofessional learning experiences, the literature is sparse in how to incorporate them across varying levels of learning activities. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore consensus for leveling the IPEC Core Competencies for use across four levels of interprofessional practice. Initially, Benner’s novice to expert theory was used to develop a leveling document for planning educational experiences appropriate for pre-licensure through practice learners. Using this document, a Delphi study was conducted to gain consensus on leveling the Core Competencies.

Methods

A modified Delphi technique was employed using an expert panel of 48 healthcare faculty experienced in interprofessional education. Participants were asked to select their opinion of the level of learner for which each of the competencies were most appropriate.

Results

After three rounds of questionnaires, 34 of the 38 competencies achieved consensus at a 70% agreement. Four competencies did not reach consensus.

Conclusions

Using a developmental approach, this study provides a foundational point for establishing guidelines for progressive organization and consistency in interprofessional learning activities. Although four competencies did not reach consensus, the results suggest that leveling is possible. Ongoing research is needed to further validate or revise the findings from this study.

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Acknowledgements

We wish to acknowledge and thank those interprofessional education experts who agreed to participate in this study. We also wish to acknowledge the contributing work of our colleagues who are co-members of HealthSim United, a non-profit organization formed to facilitate simulation that is “always interprofessional” and “always has family presence.”

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Correspondence to Mary L. Koehn.

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The institutional review boards of the authors’ associated universities approved the study. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Koehn, M.L., Charles, S.C. A Delphi Study to Determine Leveling of the Interprofessional Core Competencies for Four Levels of Interprofessional Practice. Med.Sci.Educ. 29, 389–398 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40670-018-00656-3

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