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How mechanisms explain interfield cooperation: biological–chemical study of plant growth hormones in Utrecht and Pasadena, 1930–1938

  • Caterina SchürchEmail author
Original Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. New Perspectives in the History of Twentieth-Century Life Sciences

Abstract

This article examines to what extent a particular case of cross-disciplinary research in the 1930s was structured by mechanistic reasoning. For this purpose, it identifies the interfield theories that allowed biologists and chemists to use each other’s techniques and findings, and that provided the basis for the experiments performed to identify plant growth hormones and to learn more about their role in the mechanism of plant growth. In 1930, chemists and biologists in Utrecht and Pasadena began to cooperatively study plant growth. I will argue that these researchers decided to join forces because they believed to rely on each other’s findings and methods to solve their research problems adequately. In the course of the cooperation, organic chemists arrived at isolating plant growth hormones by using a test method developed in plant physiology. This achievement, in turn, facilitated biologists’ investigation of the mechanism of plant growth. Researchers eventually believed to have the means to study the relation between a substance’s molecular structure and its physiological activity. The way they conceptualized the problem of identifying hormones and unraveling the mechanism of plant growth, as well as their actual research actions are compatible with the new mechanists’ account of mechanism research. The study illustrates that focusing on researchers’ mechanistic reasoning can contribute considerably to explaining the structure of cross-disciplinary research projects.

Keywords

Interfield cooperation Mechanism modeling Integration Plant physiology Natural products chemistry Plant growth hormones Structure-activity relationship 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I am grateful to Kärin Nickelsen and Robert Meunier for their encouragement and helpful criticism of earlier versions of this article. I profited a lot from discussions with Christian Joas, Raphael Scholl, and Cora Stuhrmann. Finally, I would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers whose comments improved this paper significantly.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.WissenschaftsgeschichteHistorisches Seminar der LMUMunichGermany

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