Altfeld, Michael F., and Bruce Bueno de Mesquita. 1979. Choosing Sides in Wars. International Studies Quarterly 23 (1): 87–112.
Ayoob, Mohammed. 1984. Security in the Third World: The Worm about to Turn. International Affairs 60 (4): 41–51.
Barnett, Michael, and Jack Levy. 1991. Domestic Sources of Alliances and Alignments: The Case of Egypt, 1962-73. International Organization 45 (3): 369–395.
Bateman, Chris. 2018. “ANC embraces Chinese ideology, ignores its development economics – Hagedorn,” August 3. https://www.biznews.com/thought-leaders/2018/08/03/brics-anc-china-development-economics-hagedorn. Accessed 13 May 2018.
Booysen, Susan. 2018. “Hues of the ANC’s Chinese Homecoming.” August 1. https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/opinionista/2018-08-01-hues-of-the-ancs-chinese-homecoming/. Accessed 27 Mar 2019.
Central Committee of the CCP, Institute of Party Building and Organization. 2011a. “The ABCs of the Communist Party of China Series: The Selection, Education and Training of Cadres.” May 29. http://eg.china-embassy.org/eng/rdwt/P020110529732406473403.pdf. Accessed 3 Mar 2019.
Central Committee of the CCP, International Department. 2011b. “Xi Jinping Meets with Delegation of National Executive Committee of the ANC in South Africa.” October 11. http://www.idcpc.org.cn/jwdt/2011_251/fz_253/201503/t20150309_62229.html. Accessed 21 May 2018.
Chomsky, Norman. 2004. Hegemony or Survival: America’s Quest for Global Dominance. New York: Holt Paperbacks Publishers.
Chinadaily.com.cn. 2007. ‘Cadre Training Comes into Focus.’ October 17. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2007-10/17/content_6182443.htm. Accessed 15 Mar 2019.
Chinadaily.com.cn. 2018. “Xi congratulates groundbreaking ceremony of Julius Nyerere Leadership School.” July 16. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/201807/16/WS5b4caf84a310796df4df6c01.html. Accessed 26 Feb 2019.
David, Stephen R. 1980. “The Realignment of Third World Regimes from One Superpower to the Other: Ethiopia’s Mengistu, Somalia’s Siad, and Egypt’s Sadat,” Diss., Harvard University.
Eisenman, Joshua, and David H. Shinn. 2012. China and Africa: A Century of Engagement, 1st ed. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Eisenman, Joshua, and David H. Shinn. 2018. China’s Strategy in Africa. In China Steps Out: Beijing’s Major Power Engagement with the Developing World, ed. Joshua Eisenman and Eric Heginbotham. New York: Routledge.
Ellis, Stephen. 2013. External Mission: The ANC in Exile. London: Oxford University Press.
Feuer, Lewis S. 2010. Ideology and Ideologists. Piscataway, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
Findlay, Stephanie. 2014. “South Africa: ANC Looks to Learn from Chinese Communist Party.” 24 November. http://www.time.com/3601968/anc-south-africa-china-communist-party/. Accessed 21 July 2018.
Gani, J.K. 2014. The Role of Ideology in Syrian–US Relations. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Gaus, Gerald F. 2009. Political Concepts and Political Theories. Boulder: Westview Press.
Jin, H. 2017. Marxism and Socialism with Chinese Characteristics. Kuala Lumpur: Gale Asia Publishers.
Kgosana, Caiphus. 2018. “ANC looks to China for election strategy and tactics” July 29. https://www.timeslive.co.za/news/2018-07-28-anc-looks-to-china-for-election-strategy-and-tactics/. Accessed 10 Jan 2019.
Lamb, Peter, and C.Docherty James. 2006. Historical Dictionary of Socialism, 2nd ed. Lanham: The Scarecrow Press.
Leslie, Raquel. 2018. “China’s Rise and the Future of the Liberal World Order.” September 19. http://utsynergyjournal.org/2018/09/19/chinas-rise-and-the-future-of-the-liberal-world-order/#_edn39. Accessed 3 Aug 2018.
Liu, Xuan. (2017). “CPC experience provides models for political parties.” December 4. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2017-12/04/content_35192253.htm. Accessed 5 Aug 2018.
Luke, Daniel. 2018. “ANC comrades to be trained by the Communist Party of China.” July 30. https://www.thesouthafrican.com/anc-comrades-to-be-trained-by-the-communist-party-of-china/. Accessed 4 Mar 2019.
Ming, Xin. 2018. China’s New Strategic Layout. Singapore: Springer Publishers.
Munslow, Barry (ed.). 1985. Samora Machel: An African Revolutionary. London: Zed Books.
Newman, Alex. 2015. “South African Regime Embraces Chinese Communism, New World Order.” https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/africa/item/21477-south-african-regime-embraces-chinese-communism-new-world-order. Accessed 9 Aug 2018.
Pieke, Frank N. 2011. “Cadre Training and the Party School System in Contemporary China.” October 15. http://www.eeas.europa.eu/archives/docs/china/docs/division_ecran/ecran_is30_cadre_training_and_the_party_school_system_in_contemporary_china_frank_n_pieke_en.pdf. Accessed 10 Mar 2019.
Seely, Christopher. 2014. Alliances. London: Oxford Publishers.
Seliger, Martin. 1976. Ideology and Politics. London: Allen and Unwin.
Snyder, Glen. 2007. Alliance Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Snyder, Glen, and Paul Diesing. 2016. Conflict Among Nations: Bargaining System Structure and Decision-making in International Crises. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Sun, Yun. 2016. “Political Party Training: China’s Ideological Push in Africa?” July 5. http://www.brookings.edu/blog/africa-in-focus/2016/07/05/political-party-training-chinas-ideological-push-in-africa/. Accessed 24 Aug 2018.
Sun, Yun. 2018. “The political significance of China’s latest commitments to Africa.” September 12. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/africa-in-focus/2018/09/12/the-political-significance-of-chinas-latest-commitments-to-africa/. Accessed 10 Feb 2019.
Thompson, John B. 1990. Ideology and Modern Culture. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Twala, Chitja. 2014. The African National Congress (ANC) and the Cadre Deployment Policy in the Postapartheid South Africa: A Product of Democratic Centralisation or a Recipe for a Constitutional Crisis? Journal of Social Sciences 41 (2): 159–165.
USC US-China Institute. 2012. “Constitution of the CCP.” November 14. https://china.usc.edu/constitution-communist-party-china#V.Primary_Orgs. Accessed 15 Mar 2019.
Van Heerden, Oscar. 2018. “Socialism with Chinese characteristics, a study tour.” November 20. https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/opinionista/2018-11-20-socialism-with-chinese-characteristics-a-study-tour/. Accessed 10 Mar 2019.
Walt, Stephen M. 1987. The origins of alliances. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Walt, Stephen M. 1990. The origins of alliances, New Edition. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Yun, Zhongwei. 2012. “The Relationship between China, Africa, and Political Parties Bolsters China-Africa Strategic Partnership.” September 19. http://www.utsynergyjournal.org/2018/09/19/chinas-rise-and-the-future-of-the-liberal-world-order/. Accessed 22 Oct 2018.
Xi, Jing. 2017. The Governance of China, vol. II. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press. English paperback edition.
Zheng, Jinghan. 2016. The Chinese Communist Party’s Capacity to Rule. London: Palgrave-Macmillan.