Benshubianxiezu, 2004. Zhonggong Zhongyang Guanyu Jiaqiang Dang De Zhizheng Nengli Jianshe De Jueding Fudao Duben. Beijing: Renmin Chubanshe.
Bergsten, C. Fred, et al. 2009. China’s rise: Challenges and opportunities. Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics and Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Chen, Xuewei, and Chen Shu (ed.) 2003. Shisanjie Sizhongquanhui Yilai Zhongda Shijian He Juece Diaocha (An Investigation into Major Issues and Decision-Making since the Fourth Plenum of the 13th Central Committee). Zhonggong Zhongyang Dangxiao Chubanshe (The CCP Central Party School Press).
Cheng, Zhili (ed.). 1991. Zhongguo Gongchandang Jianshe Shi (History of the Communist Party-Building of China). Shanghai: Renmin Chubanshe.
Cheng, Wangao. 2009. Zhengfu Xinxi Ziyuan Kaifa Liyong (Development and Utilization of Government Information Resource). Beijing: Kexue Chubanshe (Science Press).
Deng, Xiaoping. 1994a. Selected works of Deng Xiaoping, vol. 1. Beijing: Renmin Chubanshe.
Deng, Xiaoping. 1994b. Selected works of Deng Xiaoping, vol. 2. Beijing: Renmin Chubanshe.
Diamond, Larry. 1999. Developing democracy: Toward consolidation. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Diamond, Larry. 2008. The spirit of democracy: The struggle to build free societies throughout the world. New York: Times Books, Henry Holt and Company.
Duverger, Maurice. 1954. Political parties: Their organization and activity in the modern state. London: Methuen & Co., Ltd.
Fewsmith, Joseph. 2008. China since Tiananmen, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gao, Fang. 2006. Zhengguo Zhengzhi Tizhi Gaige De Xinsheng (Appeal for Political Structural Reforms in China), Chongqing Chubanshe.
Guo, Dingping. 1998. Zhengdang Yu Zhengfu (Political Party and Government). Hangzhou: Zhejiang Renmin Chubanshe.
Harding, Harry. 1997. The Chinese State in Crisis 1966–1969. In The politics of China: The Eras of Mao and Deng, 2nd ed. Roderick MacFaquhar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
He, Zengke, et al. 2004. Zhongguo Zhengzhi Tizhi Gaige Yanjiu (Studies of Political Institutional Reforms in China). Zhongyang Bianyi Chubanshe (Central Compilations & Translations Press).
He, Zengke. 2004. Minzhuhua: Zhengzhi Fazhan De Zhongguo Daolu (Democratization: Chinese Road of Political Development). Zhonggong Tianjin Shiwei Dangxiao Xuebao (Journal of Tianjin Party School) 2.
He, Yizhong. 2011. Jinnianlai Dangnei Minzhu Yanjiu Zhong De Jige Zhenglun Wenti Shuping (Reviewing Some Contending Views regarding the Recent Studies of Intra-Party Democracy). Makesi Zhuyi Yu Xianshi (Marxism and Reality) 1.
Heidar, Knut. 2006. Party membership and participation. In Handbook of party politics, ed. Richards S. Katz and William Crotty. London: Sage Publications.
Huang, Jing. 2008. Institutionalization of political succession in China: Progress and implications. In China’s changing landscape: Prospects for democracy, ed. Cheng Li. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Hu, Jintao. 2012. Firmly March on the Path of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and Strive to Complete the Building of a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects—Report to the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China on November 8, 2012. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/special/18cpcnc/2012-11/17/c_131981259.htm.
Hu, Wei. 1999. Dangnei Minzhu Yu Zhengzhi Fazhan—Kaifa Zhongguo Minzhuhua De Tizhinei Ziyuan (Intra-Party Democracy and Political Development—Exploiting Resources for Democratization within the Establishment in China). Fudan Xuebao (Fudan Journal of Social Sciences) 1.
Hu, Wei. 2010. Minzhu Zhengzhi Fazhan De Zhongguo Daolu: Dangnei Minzhu Moshi De Xuanze (Chinese Road of Democratic Development: Model of Intra-Party Democracy). Kexue Shehui Zhuyi (Scientific Socialism) 1.
Hu, Wei. 2011. Zhizhengdang Minzhu Jianshe De Yicheng: Kexue Jiandang De Xinshiyu (Agenda of Democratic Construction for the Ruling Party: A New Perspective of Scientific Party-Building). Tansuo Yu Zhengming (Exploration and Free Views), December, 266.
Huntington, Samuel P. 1991. The third wave: Democratization in the late twentieth century. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Lai, Hongyi. 2008. Intra-party democracy in China: The first step in a long march. In East Asian Democracy and Political Changes in China: A New Goose Flying, ed. Zhengxu Wang and Colin Durkop. Konrad Adenauer Stiftung.
LeDuc, Lawrence. 2001. Democratizing Party Leadership Selection. Party Politics. 7(3).
LeDuc, Lawrence, Richard G. Niemi, and Pippa Norris (eds.). 2010. Comparing Democracies 3. London: Sage Publications Ltd.
Lin, Shangli. 2010. Dangnei Minzhu: Gaige Kaifang Yilai De Tansuo Yu Shijian (Intra-party Democracy: Explorations and Practices during the Reform and Opening Period). In Dangnei Minzhu (Inner-Party Democracy), ed. Jain Gao and Dezhi Tong. Tianjin: Renmin Chubanshe.
Liu, Jianfei. 2011a. Democracy and China. Beijing: New World Press.
Liu, Jie. 2011b. Zhongguo Zhengzhi Fazhan Jincheng 2011 Nian (The Process of China’s Political Development 2011 Year). Beijing: Shishi Chubanshe.
Liu, Jie. 2010. Zhongguo Zhengzhi Fazhan Jincheng 2010 Nian (The Process of China’s Political Development 2010 Year). Beijing: Shishi Chubanshe.
Liu, Shaoqi. 1985. Selected works of Liu Shaoqi, vol. 2. Beijing: Remin Chubanshe.
Mair, Peter (ed.). 1990. The West European Party System (Oxford Readings in Politics and Government). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Michels, Robert. 1949. Political parties: A sociological study of the oligarchical tendencies of modern democracy. Glencoe: The Free Press.
Norris, Pippa. 2006. Recruitment. In Handbook of party politics, ed. Richards S. Katz and William Crotty. London: Sage Publications.
Ouyang, Song. 2011. Dang De Jianshe Lungao (Essays on Party-building). Beijing: Dangjian Duwu Chubanshe (Party-building Readings Press).
Pennings, Paul, and Reuven Y. Hazan. 2001. Democratizing candidate selection. Party Politics 7(3).
Renmin Ribao. 2010. Renmin Ribao (People’s Daily), October 9, 1.
Sachsenroder, Wolfgang. 1998. Party politics and democratic development in East and Southeast Asia. In Political party systems and democratic development in East and Southeast Asia, vol. 2, ed. Wolfgang Sachsenroder and Ulrike E. Frings. East Asia: Ashgate Publishing Company.
Shambaugh, David. 2008. China’s communist party: Atrophy and adaptation. New York: Woodrow Wilson Center Press and University of California Press.
Shirk, Susan L. 1993. The political logic of economic reform in China. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Wang, Changjiang (ed.). 2007. Dangnei Minzhu Zhidu Chuangxin (Institutional Innovations of Inner-Party Democracy of CCP). Beijing: Zhongyang Bianyi Chubanshe (Central Compilation & Translation Press).
Wang, Huning. 1993. Gouzhu Zhongguo Teyou De Zhengzhi Tixi Moshi (Constructing the Model of Political System with Chinese Characteristics). Zhongguo Zhengfu Yu Zhengzhi (Chinese Government and Politics), ed. Mingzheng Gao. Jinan: Huanghe Chubanshe (Yellow River Press).
Wang, Yicheng. 2010. Dui Fazhan Dangnei Minzhu Wenti De Ruogan Sikao (Some Considerations on the Development of Intra-Party Democracy). Dangnei Minzhu (Inner-Party Democracy), ed. Jian Gao and Dezhi Tong. Tianjin: Renmin Chubanshe.
Xinhua. 2007. http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2007-10/21/content_6918611_4.htm.
Xinhua. 2012. http://politics.people.com.cn/n/2012/1115/c1001-19584526.html.
Xinhua. 2013. http://news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2013-06/30/c_116344187.htm.
Zhao, Ziyang. 2009. Gaige Licheng (The Secret Journal of Zhao Ziyang). Hong Kong: Xin Shiji Chubanshe (New Century Press).
Zheng, Changzhong. 2005. Zhongguo Gongchandang Dangnei Minzhu Zhudu Chuangxin (Institutional Innovations of Intra-Party Democracy in the CCP). Tianjin: Renmin Chubanshe (Tianjin People’s Press).
Zhonggong Zhongyang Dangshi Yanjiushi (Historical Research Institute of the CCP). 2011. Zhongguo Gongchandang Lishi (The History of the CCP), Volume 2 (1949–1978). Beijing: Zhonggong Dangshi Chubanshe (The CCP History Press).