Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 40, Issue 8, pp 893–894 | Cite as

Goiter in the “Venus at a mirror” (1615) by Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640)

  • D. Lazzeri
  • J. Constantinides
  • C. D’Ambrosia
  • F. NicoliEmail author
Endocrinology & Art


Goiter Painting Rubens Medical diagnosis 


Compliance with ethical standards

Financial disclosure

None of the authors has financial conflicts or interests to report in association with the contents of this paper.

Conflict of interest

None of the authors have conflict of interests.

Ethical approval

This article is a review of the literature and does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

No informed consent is available.


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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Lazzeri
    • 1
  • J. Constantinides
    • 2
  • C. D’Ambrosia
    • 3
  • F. Nicoli
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic SurgeryVilla Salaria ClinicRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryGuy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation TrustLondonUK
  3. 3.School of MedicineColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryUniversity of Rome “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly

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