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Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 40, Issue 8, pp 893–894 | Cite as

Goiter in the “Venus at a mirror” (1615) by Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640)

  • D. Lazzeri
  • J. Constantinides
  • C. D’Ambrosia
  • F. NicoliEmail author
Endocrinology & Art

Keywords

Goiter Painting Rubens Medical diagnosis 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Financial disclosure

None of the authors has financial conflicts or interests to report in association with the contents of this paper.

Conflict of interest

None of the authors have conflict of interests.

Ethical approval

This article is a review of the literature and does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

No informed consent is available.

References

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    Lazzeri D, Lippi D, Castello MF, Weisz GM (2016) Breast Mass in a Rubens Painting. Rambam Maimonides Med J 19:7 (2)Google Scholar
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    Nicoli F, Pozzilli P, Lazzeri D (2016) “The Penitent Magdalene”: Tiziano Vecellio (1488/1490–1576). J Endocrinol Invest 39(7):835–836CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Traversari M, Ballestriero R, Galassi FM (2017) A likely case of goiter in the Madonna col Bambino dormiente (1465/1470) by Andrea Mantegna (1431–1506). J Endocrinol Invest 40(2):237–238CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Lazzeri D, Nicoli F (2016) Pectus excavatum in paintings by Jusepe de Ribera (1591–1652). Thorax 71(7):669–670CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Trimarchi F (2016) Judith and her Maidservant: a goitrous heroin in two masterpieces. J Endocrinol Invest 39(11):1357–1358CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Grau JJ, Estapé J, Diaz-Padrón M (2001) Breast cancer in Rubens paintings. Breast Cancer Res Treat 68(1):89–93CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Harris JC (2014) The dying Seneca: Peter Paul Rubens. JAMA Psychiatry 1:71 (7:742–3) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Lazzeri
    • 1
  • J. Constantinides
    • 2
  • C. D’Ambrosia
    • 3
  • F. Nicoli
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic SurgeryVilla Salaria ClinicRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryGuy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation TrustLondonUK
  3. 3.School of MedicineColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryUniversity of Rome “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly

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