Promoting Ethical Discussions and Decision Making in a Human Service Agency

Abstract

This article describes the development of a system, the Ethics Network, designed to promote discussion of ethical issues in a human services organization. The system includes several core components, including people (e.g., leaders, ambassadors), tools (e.g., hotline, training modules), and resources (e.g., monthly talking points). Data from 6 years of hotline submissions were analyzed to identify the most common concerns, and the data were compared to the pattern of violation notices submitted to the Behavior Analyst Certification Board. Recommendations are provided for creating similar systems in other organizations.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. Arya, K., Margaryan, A., & Collis, B. (2003). Culturally sensitive problem solving activities for multi-national corporations. TechTrends, 47, 40–49. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02763283.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Bailey, J. S., & Burch, M. R. (2016). Ethics for behavior analysts (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  3. Behavior Analyst Certification Board. (2014). Professional and ethical compliance code for behavior analysts. Littleton, CO: Author.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Behavior Analyst Certification Board. (2018). A summary of ethics violations and code-enforcement activities: 2016–2017. Littleton, CO: Author.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Brodhead, M. T., & Higbee, T. S. (2012). Teaching and maintaining ethical behavior in a professional organization. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 5(2), 82–88. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03391827.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  6. Brodhead, M. T., Quigley, S. P., & Cox, D. J. (2018). How to identify ethical practices in organizations prior to employment. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 11(2), 165–173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0235-y.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  7. Glago, K., Mastropieri, M. A., & Scruggs, T. E. (2009). Improving problem solving of elementary students with mild disabilities. Remedial and Special Education, 30(6), 372–380. https://doi.org/10.1177/0741932508324394.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. LeBlanc, L. A., Sellers, T. P., & Alai, S. (2020). Building and sustaining meaningful and effective relationships as a supervisor and mentor. Cornwall on Hudson, NY: Sloan Publishing.

    Google Scholar 

  9. O'Leary, P. N., Miller, M. M., Olive, M. L., & Kelly, A. N. (2015). Blurred lines: ethical implications of social media for behavior analysts. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 10(1), 45–51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40617-014-0033-0

  10. Rosenberg, N. E., & Schwartz, I. S. (2019). Guidance or compliance: What makes an ethical behavior analyst? Behavior Analysis in Practice, 12(2), 473–482. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00287-5.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Smith, C. M. (2005). Origin and uses of primum non nocere—above all, do no harm! Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 45(4), 371–377. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091270004273680.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Smith, S. W., Lochman, J. E., & Daunic, A. P. (2005). Managing aggression using cognitive-behavioral interventions: State of the practice and future. Behavioral Disorders, 30(3), 227–240. https://doi.org/10.1177/019874290503000307.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Zur, O. (2007). Boundaries in psychotherapy: Ethical and clinical explorations. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

    Book  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author Note

The Ethics Network was developed as part of the Clinical Standards Initiative at Trumpet Behavioral Health. The authors thank Allie Kane, Heather Loeb, Jessie Mitchell, Kirstin Powers, Sarah Kristiansen, and Michael Wright, who each served as assistant chair, chair, or director of the Ethics Network.

Funding

No funding was associated with the current study.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Amber L. Valentino.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors of this manuscript declare no conflict of interest regarding this manuscript.

Ethical Approval

All procedures were performed in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional review committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Editor’s Note

Although some agencies are busy changing the format of their service delivery and supervision of staff, we know that other agencies are not currently providing services and that leaders in these agencies now have unexpected time to reflect on how to improve quality of care when they return to the workplace. We have two outstanding peer-reviewed articles that we believe can support leaders who seek to improve ethical care in their agencies. The article by David Cox provides a detailed description of how agencies can develop an ethics committee. The article by Linda LeBlanc and colleagues provides a demonstration of an ethics committee and shares data on the most frequently occurring ethical concerns reported by their staff. Leaders working in agencies that do not currently have an ethics coordinator or an ethics committee can initiate dialogue with their staff about the value and process of developing an ethics committee to be responsive to staff, parent, and client concerns. Together, these articles can support the development of ethics committees to increase adherence to ethical codes and to promote ethical behavior in the workplace.

Appendix

Appendix

Information Completed by Submitters on the Ethics Hotline Submission Form

TBH Ethics Hotline Submission Form Components
A. What is your position/role?
B. Have you notified your supervisor about this issue?
C. Is this urgent?
D. Which of the following BACB Guidelines for Responsible Conduct or American Psychological Association Ethics Codes are relevant to your dilemma?
E. Tell us about your role, job title, credentials, and any other pertinent information at the time of the dilemma.
F. Setting: In which setting did the dilemma occur? If other setting: Please explain, client(s) or others involved.
G. Dilemma: Describe what happened or is happening to you that you think is an ethical problem.
H. Describe the actions considered and pros/cons of actions, actions taken, and review of outcomes.
I. Other: Is there any other information you would like to share about the dilemma?

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

LeBlanc, L.A., Onofrio, O.M., Valentino, A.L. et al. Promoting Ethical Discussions and Decision Making in a Human Service Agency. Behav Analysis Practice 13, 905–913 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40617-020-00454-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Behavior Analyst Certification Board
  • Clinical standards
  • Compliance code
  • Ethics
  • Organizational system
  • Reporting