Behavior Analysis in Practice

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 162–166 | Cite as

The Effects of Monetary Incentives on Planned and Unplanned Absences in Adolescent Part-Time Employees: a Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

  • Shira Melody Berkovits
  • Alicia M. AlveroEmail author
Brief Practice


Few attendance interventions have (a) addressed the issue of absenteeism as it applies to part-time adolescent employees, (b) distinguished between planned and unplanned absences, and (c) presented a cost-effectiveness analysis of the intervention. This study employed an A-B-A reversal design, including a small monetary bonus for attendance by part-time adolescent employees. Results indicate a 60% reduction in average group absences during the monetary contingency phase as compared to both baseline phases. The organization spent a total of $264 on monetary incentives during the intervention phase and reduced time spent on hiring and training substitute personnel by approximately 60%. Supervisors reported that a better staff–child ratio helped decrease chaos in the classroom and promoted an overall improvement in the quality of the youth groups.


Part-time adolescent employees Absenteeism Monetary incentives Attendance Cost-effectiveness analysis 



The authors wish to acknowledge the youth group leaders and their parents for participation in this study and the organization for its support. The authors also wish to thank Ari Friedman and Dr. Ari Spiro for their dedication to the project and assistance with data collection.


This study was not funded.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

The work described has not been published before. It is not under consideration for publication anywhere else, and its submission for publication has been approved by all coauthors.


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Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sacred SpacesNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, The Graduate Center and Queens CollegeThe City University of New YorkFlushingUSA

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