Skip to main content

Stimulus-Stimulus Pairing of Vocalizations: A Systematic Replication

Abstract

The current study replicated an enhanced stimulus-stimulus pairing (SSP) procedure used by Esch et al. (Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 42: 42–225, 2009) for increasing vocalizations in children with autism. The enhanced SSP procedure consisted of pairing target vocalizations with high-preference items, interspersed target and nontarget trials, an observing response, and the presentation of the vocalizations in “motherese” speech. Results showed substantial increases in target vocalizations above baseline levels and above nontarget vocalizations for two of three participants.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  • Carroll, R. A., & Klatt, K. P. (2008). Using stimulus-stimulus pairing and direct reinforcement to teach vocal verbal behavior to young children with autism. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 24, 135–146.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Esch, B. E. (2008). Early Echoic Skills Assessment. In M. L. Sundberg (Ed.), The verbal behavior milestones and placement program: The VB-MAPP. Concord: AVB Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Esch, B. E., Carr, J. E., & Michael, J. (2005). Evaluating stimulus-stimulus pairing and direct reinforcement in the establishment of an echoic repertoire of children diagnosed with autism. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 21, 43–58.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Esch, B. E., Carr, J. E., & Grow, L. L. (2009). Evaluation of an enhanced stimulus–stimulus pairing procedure to increase early vocalizations of children with autism. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42, 225–241. doi:10.1901/jaba.2009.42-225.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Falk, D. (2004). Prelinguistic evolution in early hominins: whence motherese? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 491–541.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Fisher, W., Piazza, C. C., Bowman, L. G., Hagopian, L. P., Owens, J. C., & Slevin, I. (1992). A comparison of two approaches for identifying reinforcers for person with severe and profound disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25, 491–498.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lovaas, O. I. (2002). Teaching individuals with developmental delays: basic intervention techniques. Austin: Pro Ed.

    Google Scholar 

  • Miguel, C. F., Carr, J. E., & Michael, J. (2002). Effects of a stimulus-stimulus pairing procedure on the vocal behavior of children diagnosed with autism. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 18, 3–13.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Normand, M. P., & Knoll, M. L. (2006). The effects of a stimulus-stimulus pairing procedure on the unprompted vocalizations of a young child diagnosed with autism. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 22, 81–85.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Smith, R., Michael, J., & Sundberg, M. (1996). Automatic reinforcement and automatic punishment in infant vocal behavior. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 13, 39–48.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Stock, R. A., Schulze, K. A., & Mirenda, P. (2008). A comparison of stimulus-stimulus pairing, standard echoic training, and control procedures on the vocal behavior of children with autism. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 24, 123–133.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Sundberg, M., & Partington, J. (1998). Teaching language to children with autism and other developmental disabilities. Walnut Creek: Behavior Analysts, Inc.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sundberg, M., Michael, J., Partington, J., & Sundberg, C. (1996). The role of automatic reinforcement in early language acquisition. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 13, 21–35.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ward, S. J., Osnes, P. J., & Partington, J. W. (2007). The effects of a delay of noncontingent reinforcement during a pairing procedure in the development of stimulus control of automatically reinforced vocalizations. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 23, 103–111.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Yoon, S., & Bennett, G. (2000). Effects of a stimulus-stimulus pairing procedure on conditioning vocal sounds as reinforcers. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 17, 75–88.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Yoon, S., & Feliciano, G. (2007). Stimulus-stimulus pairing and subsequent mand acquisition of children with various levels of verbal repertoires. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 23, 3–16.

    PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We thank Garden Academy for their assistance.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tina M. Sidener.

Additional information

This study is based on a thesis submitted by the first author, under the supervision of the second author, to the Psychology Department at Caldwell College for the Master of Arts in Applied Behavior Analysis.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Rader, L., Sidener, T.M., Reeve, K.F. et al. Stimulus-Stimulus Pairing of Vocalizations: A Systematic Replication. Analysis Verbal Behav 30, 69–74 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40616-014-0012-0

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40616-014-0012-0

Keywords

  • Stimulus-stimulus pairing
  • Autism
  • Speech
  • Vocalizations