Befort CA, Nazir N, Perri MG. Prevalence of obesity among adults from rural and urban areas of the United States: findings from NHANES (2005-2008). J Rural Health. 2012;28(4):392–7.
Hill JL, You W, Zoellner JM. Disparities in obesity among rural and urban residents in a health disparate region. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:1051.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Health of black or African-American non-Hispanic population. 2015. [cited 2015 July].
Friday L. Exploring the causes of black women’s obesity. 2012. Available from: https://www.bu.edu/today/2012/exploring-the-causes-of-black-womens-obesity/.
Food Research and Action Center. Obesity in the U.S. 2016. Available from: http://frac.org/initiatives/hunger-and-obesity/obesity-in-the-us/.
National Cancer Institute. Obesity and cancer risk. 2012. [cited 2015 July 15]; Available from: http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/obesity/obesity-fact-sheet.
American Cancer Society. Cancer facts and figures for African Americans, 2013–2014. 2013. Available from: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@epidemiologysurveilance/documents/document/acspc-036921.pdf.
Mattes RD, Kris-Etherton PM, Foster GD. Impact of peanuts and tree nuts on body weight and healthy weight loss in adults. J Nutr. 2008;138(9):1741S–5S.
O’Neil CE, Fulgoni 3rd VL, Nicklas TA. Tree nut consumption is associated with better adiposity measures and cardiovascular and metabolic syndrome health risk factors in U.S. adults: NHANES 2005-2010. Nutr J. 2015;14:64.
Hu FS, Stampfer MJ, Manson JE, et al. Frequent nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women: a prospective cohort study. BMJ. 1998;317.
Rajaram S, Sabate J. Nuts, body weight and insulin resistance. Br J Nutr. 2006;96(Suppl 2):S79–86.
Gadgil MD, et al. Dietary patterns are associated with metabolic risk factors in South Asians living in the United States. J Nutr. 2015;145(6):1211–7.
Kang MP, Park YH, Baik HW, Paik HY, Joung H. Grains, nuts and fruits dietary pattern is associated with reduced likelihood of having metabolic syndrome. FASEB J. 2012;26(SIb363).
Sabate J, Wien M. A perspective on vegetarian dietary patterns and risk of metabolic syndrome. Br J Nutr. 2015;113(Suppl 2):S136–43.
Tapsell LC. Foods and food components in the Mediterranean diet: supporting overall effects. BMC Med. 2014;12:100.
Weng LC, et al. A diet pattern with more dairy and nuts, but less meat is related to lower risk of developing hypertension in middle-aged adults: the atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study. Nutrients. 2013;5(5):1719–33.
United States Department of Agriculture. Dietary guidelines. 2015. [cited 2015 July 15]; Available from: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/dietary-guidelines.html.
King JC, Blumberg J, Ingwersen L, Jenab M, Tucker KL. Tree nuts and peanuts as components of a healthy diet. J Nutr. 2008;138(9):1736S–40S.
Jacobs Jr DR, Gross MD, Taspell LC. Food synergy: an operational concept for understanding nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89(5):1543S–8S.
Liu RH. Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003;78(3 Suppl):517S–20S.
Judd SE, et al. Dietary patterns derived using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis are stable and generalizable across race, region, and gender subgroups in the REGARDS study. Front Nutr. 2014;1:29.
Jiankang L, Hickson D, Musani S, et al. Dietary patterns, abdominal visceral adipose tissue and cardiometabolic risk factos in African Americans: the Jackson heart study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013;21(3):644–51.
Hernando Requejo O, Rubio Rodriguez MC. Nutrition and cancer. Nutr Hosp. 2015;32(Suppl 1):67–72.
Rouhani MH, et al. Is there a relationship between red or processed meat intake and obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Obes Rev. 2014;15(9):740–8.
Wang Y, Beydoun MA. Meat consumption is associated with obesity and central obesity among US adults. Int J Obes. 2009;33(6):621–8.
Ma Y, He FJ, MacGregor GA. High salt intake: independent risk factor for obesity? Hypertension. 2015;66(4):843–9.
Maioli TU, et al. High sugar and butter (HSB) diet induces obesity and metabolic syndrome with decrease in regulatory T cells in adipose tissue of mice. Inflamm Res. 2016;65(2):169–78.
He FJ, MacGregor GA. Salt and sugar: their effects on blood pressure. Pflugers Arch. 2015;467(3):577–86.
Stanhope KL. Sugar consumption, metabolic disease and obesity: the state of the controversy. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci. 2016;53(1):52–67.
Diet Health. African-American diet. 2015. [cited 2015 July 15]; Available from: http://diet.com/g/africanamerican-diet.
African-American Registry. Soul food: a brief history. 2013. [cited 2015 July 15]; Available from: http://www.aaregistry.org/historic_events/view/soul-food-brief-history
Yang Y, et al. Favorite foods of older adults living in the Black Belt region of the United States. Influences of ethnicity, gender, and education. Appetite. 2013;63:18–23.
National Peanut Board. Peanut Country, U.S.A. 2014. Available from: http://nationalpeanutboard.org/the-facts/peanut-country-u-s-a/.
Brinegar J. Pecans—the South’s favorite nut. 2014. [cited 2015 July 15]; Available from: http://courier-tribune.com/thrive-magazine/pecans-south-s-favorite-nut.
Browne C. Pecan industry in Alabama. In: Encyclopedia of Alabama. 2008.
Carson TL, et al. A study of the relationship between food group recommendations and perceived stress: findings from black women in the Deep South. J Obes. 2015;2015:203164.
Hinton A, et al. The community health advisor program and the Deep South Network for Cancer Control: health promotion programs for volunteer community health advisors. Fam Community Health. 2005;28(1):20–7.
Lisovicz N, et al. The Deep South Network for Cancer Control. Building a community infrastructure to reduce cancer health disparities. Cancer. 2006;107(8 Suppl):1971–9.
National Cancer Institute. ASA24. 2015. [cited 2015 May 6]; Available from: http://epi.grants.cancer.gov/asa24/.
Bowman SA, Friday JE, Moshfegh AJ. MyPyramid equivalents database, 2.0 for USDA survey foods, 2003–2004 (online). Beltsville, MD: U.S. Department of Agriculture; 2008.
Fransen HP, et al. A posteriori dietary patterns: how many patterns to retain? J Nutr. 2014;144(8):1274–82.
Hu FB. Dietary pattern analysis: a new direction in nutritional epidemiology. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2002;13(1):3–9.
Parker R. Variable clustering in JMP. 2013. Available from: http://blogs.sas.com/content/jmp/2013/03/13/variable-clustering-in-jmp/
James DC. Cluster analysis defines distinct dietary patterns for African-American men and women. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(2):255–62.
Ward Jr J. Hierarchical grouping to optimize an object function. J Am Stat Assoc. 2012;58(301):1963.
JMP. Hierarchical clustering. 2016. Available from: http://www.jmp.com/support/help/Hierarchical_Clustering.shtml.
Huang Z. Extensions to the k-means algorithm for clustering large data sets with categorical values. Data Min Knowl Disc. 1998;2:283–304.
Quatromoni PA, Copenhafer D, Demissie S, et al. The internal validity of a dietary pattern analysis. The Framingham nutrition studies. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2002;56(5):381–8.
United States Department of Health and Human Services. Summary of qualified health claims subject to enforcement discretion. 2014. [cited 2015 July 15]; Available from: http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/LabelingNutrition/ucm073992.htm#cardio.
United States Department of Agriculture. Salt and sodium: 10 tips to help you cut back. 2015. [cited 2015; Available from: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/food-groups/downloads/TenTips/DGTipsheet14SaltAndSodium.pdf.
SAS Institute, Inc. New features in JMP 12 and JMP Pro 12. [cited 2017 January 31]. Available from: http://www.jmp.com/content/dam/jmp/documents/en/software/jmp/jmp12/new-features-in-jmp-and-jmp-pro12.pdf.
Garcia-Garcia E, et al. Obesity and the metabolic syndrome as a public health problem: a reflection. Salud Publica Mex. 2008;50(6):530–47.
Zhou MS, Wang A, Yu H. Link between insulin resistance and hypertension: what is the evidence from evolutionary biology? Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2014;6(1):12.
Boada LD, Henriquez-Hernandez LA, Luzardo OP. The impact of red and processed meat consumption on cancer and other health outcomes: epidemiological evidences. Food Chem Toxicol. 2016;92:236–44.
Aykan NF. Red meat and colorectal cancer. Oncol Rev. 2015;9(1):288.
James DC. Factors influencing food choices, dietary intake, and nutrition-related attitudes among African Americans: application of a culturally sensitive model. Ethn Health. 2004;9(4):349–67.