Black:White Disparities in HIV Mortality in the United States: 1990–2009

  • Kristi L. Allgood
  • Bijou Hunt
  • Monique Glover Rucker
Article

Abstract

Objectives

The aim of this study was to assess whether racial disparities in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) mortality in the USA have changed over time.

Methods

Using vital records from the National Center for Health Statistics and census data from the US Census Bureau, we calculated the race- and gender-specific HIV mortality rates and corresponding racial rate ratios for non-Hispanic Blacks and non-Hispanic Whites in the USA for four 5-year increments from 1990–2009. Rates were age-adjusted using the 2000 USA standard population. Additionally, we calculated excess Black deaths for 2005–2009.

Results

For the total, male, and female populations, we observed a statistically significant increase in the Black:White HIV mortality disparity between T1 (1990–1994) and T4 (2005–2009). The increasing disparity was due to the fact that the decrease in mortality rates from T1 to T4 was greater among Whites than Blacks. This disparity led to 5603 excess Black deaths in the USA at T4.

Conclusions

Previous research suggests that as HIV becomes more treatable, racial disparities widen, as observed in this study for both men and women. Existing disparities could be ameliorated if access to care were equal among these groups. Equal access would enable more individuals to achieve viral suppression, the final step of the HIV Care Continuum.

Keywords

HIV mortality Disparities HIV excess deaths 

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Copyright information

© W. Montague Cobb-NMA Health Institute 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristi L. Allgood
    • 1
  • Bijou Hunt
    • 1
  • Monique Glover Rucker
    • 2
  1. 1.Sinai Urban Health InstituteSinai Health SystemChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineSinai Health SystemChicagoUSA

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