The Behavior Analyst

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 25–40 | Cite as

Gamification: The Intersection between Behavior Analysis and Game Design Technologies

  • Zachary H. MorfordEmail author
  • Benjamin N. Witts
  • Kenneth J. Killingsworth
  • Mark P. Alavosius
Original Research


Deterding et al. (Proceedings of the 15th International Academic MindTrek Conference: Envisioning Future Media Environments, USA 15: 9–15, 2011) report a recent rise in popularity of video game inspired software designed to address issues in a variety of areas, including health, energy conservation, education, and business. These applications have been based on the concept of gamification, which involves a process by which nongame activities are designed to be more like a game. We provide examples of how gamification has been used to increase health-related behavior, energy consumption, academic performance, and other socially-significant behavior. We argue that behavior analytic research and practice stands to benefit from incorporating successful elements of game design. Lastly, we provide suggestions for behavior analysts regarding applied and basic research related to gamification.


Gamification Games Game design Behavior analysis Innovation 


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Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zachary H. Morford
    • 1
    Email author
  • Benjamin N. Witts
    • 1
  • Kenneth J. Killingsworth
    • 1
  • Mark P. Alavosius
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Nevada RenoRenoUSA

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