Poverty Alleviation Programs for Female Slum Dwellers in Ghana: The Case of Ashaiman

Abstract

Although poverty is a global problem, it hugely affects the slum population who are mostly located in the developing and underdeveloped countries. Slums experience higher levels of poverty partly due to their limited access to resources, and limited poverty alleviation programmes from governments, as they are treated as informal and illegal settlements. Female slum dwellers in Ghana experience high poverty levels, as their limited access to resources and programmes has been exacerbated by patriarchy in the country which has disempowered many women. This qualitative study explores poverty alleviation programmes for women in Ashaiman. It was found that both the government and civil society have been active in alleviating poverty among the women in Ashaiman, through programmes like the Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty (LEAP), formation of savings groups and training in income generating skills. While these programmes have assisted some females in Ashaiman, they have been challenged by some factors, necessitating the resolution of such impediments so that the optimal benefits of such interventions can be achieved.

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Funding

This study was solely funded by the author with no external source of funding, as part of my master’s thesis research.

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Correspondence to Jamal Appiah-Kubi.

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The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This paper has been carved from a broader study conducted by the researcher as part of his Master of Philosophy program. In order to ensure that the study conformed to standard practices in academic research, ethical issues were duly observed. Although ethical clearance was not sought for this study, the researcher under the guidance of supervisors ensured that specific ethical issues were not compromised, leading to its acceptance by the Graduate School of the university. Ethical issues that were keenly observed were participants’ informed consent, voluntary participation, anonymity and confidentiality and avoidance of plagiarism.

Informed Consent

The informed consent of all participants was sought. This process involved explaining the study to participants. The likely risks that participants could have been exposed to as a result of their participation in the study were also explained to them. The tool to be utilized in data collection (interview) was also clearly explained to the participants during the recruitment process. Participants were also made to sign a consent form prior to their engagement in the study. The consent form is attached below:

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Appiah-Kubi, J. Poverty Alleviation Programs for Female Slum Dwellers in Ghana: The Case of Ashaiman. Glob Soc Welf (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40609-021-00202-x

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Keywords

  • Bureaucracy
  • Funding constraints
  • Income-generation
  • Poverty alleviation
  • Savings and loans initiatives
  • Vocational training