Role of Social and Human Capital in Household Resilience: Empirical Evidence from an Agricultural Village Community with Exposure to Significant Environmental Stresses in Sri Lanka

  • J. M. P. N. AnuradhaEmail author
  • Miho Fujimura
  • Tsukasa Inaoka
  • Norio Sakai


This study examines a Sri Lankan agricultural village community to empirically explore the effects of social and human capital on the resilience of households that are exposed to significant environmental stresses. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of 143 village respondents representing different households in the village community with critical exposure to three environmental stresses: drought, elephant crop raiding, and deprived access to potable water. Structural equation modeling was employed to investigate the relationship between the different dimensions of social and human capital and household resilience measured using subjective assessment scales. The findings indicate that bridging social capital, bonding social capital and economic activeness dimension of human capital significantly predict household resilience in contexts of environmental perturbation.


Social capital Human capital Significant environmental stresses Household resilience 



We would like to thank the generous people of Kuttikulma who gave their time and support to the survey. We also thank the enumerators and all those who provided logistical support during the field survey. We would also like to thank the Divisional Secretary of Thirappane Divisional Secretariat, Officer-in-charge at the Regional office of the Department of Wild Life Conservation in Thirappane, Divisional Officer of the Thirappane Agrarian Services Center, the ARPA and the GN in Kuttikulama for their immense support. This study is part of a doctoral study at the United Graduate School of Agriculture, Kagoshima University. Anuradha JMPN, an author of the study, extends his gratitude to the people of Japan for awarding him the Monbukagakusho scholarship to conduct his doctoral research.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

This research was conducted in compliance with Code of Conduct Social Science Research UNESCO ( Sci_Code.pdf) and “Conduct for Responsible Research Activities” published by Japan Science and Technology Agency (

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The United Graduate School of Agricultural SciencesKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Human Ecology, Faculty of AgricultureSaga UniversitySagaJapan

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