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Lexicography

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 3–21 | Cite as

Maintaining the balance between knowledge and the lexicon in terminology: a methodology based on frame semantics

  • Marie-Claude L’Homme
Original Paper
  • 50 Downloads

Abstract

This paper argues for an approach to terms—based on Frame Semantics (Fillmore in Ann N Y Acad Sci Conf Origin Dev Lang Speech 280:20–32, 1976; Fillmore and Baker in A Frames Approach to Semantic Analysis, 313–339, 2010)—that takes into account their linguistic properties and shows how terms and their properties are connected formally to the expression of knowledge in specialized fields. I briefly present the theoretical assumptions underlying this proposal. The main part of the article describes the methodology devised to implement the proposal in two terminological resources that are under development at the Observatoire de linguistique Sens-Texte (OLST). The methodology that comprises seven main steps is based on that of FrameNet (https://framenet.icsi.berkeley.edu/fndrupal/, 2017. Accessed 20 January 2017) (Ruppenhofer et al. in FrameNet II: extended theory and practice. https://framenet.icsi.berkeley.edu/fndrupal/index.21php?q=the_book, 2016. Accessed 27 January 2017), the lexical implementation of Frame Semantics. I illustrate the methodology by applying it to terms that belong to the field of endangered species, a subfield of the environment.

Keywords

Terms Predicative units Frames Frame semantics Terminological resource Environment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) of Canada and by the Fonds de recherche du Québec—Société et culture (FRQ-SC). I would like to thank the members of my research team who contributed in one way or another to the Framed DiCoEnviro project. I also extend my thanks to two anonymous reviewers whose comments helped clarify many parts of the paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Observatoire de linguistique Sens-Texte (OLST)Université de MontréalMontréalCanada

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