Monash Bioethics Review

, Volume 33, Issue 2–3, pp 91–101 | Cite as

Three proposals to increase Australia’s organ supply

  • William IsdaleEmail author
  • Julian Savulescu
Original Article


In 2008 the Australian Government introduced a national reform agenda to increase organ and tissue donation. Australia continues to perform poorly by international standards on measures of organ procurement, however. This paper outlines three proposals to improve donation rates and considers the empirical evidence available for each. A number of ethical objections frequently given to resist such proposals are also addressed. Firstly, it is recommended that Australia implement an ‘opt-out’ system of organ donation. Secondly, the existing veto rules should be changed to better protect the wishes of those who wish to donate. Finally, a numer of incentives should be offered to increase donation rates; these could include incentives of financial value, but also non-financial incentives such as prioritisation for the receipt of organs for previous donors.


Ethics of organ procurement Opt-out organ donation Incentives for organ donation Family-veto for organ donation 


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Copyright information

© Monash University 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia
  2. 2.Uehiro Centre for Practical EthicsOxford UniversityOxfordUK
  3. 3.Monash UniversityClaytonAustralia

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