Current Environmental Health Reports

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 468–477 | Cite as

Long-Term Green Space Exposure and Cognition Across the Life Course: a Systematic Review

  • Carmen de KeijzerEmail author
  • Mireia Gascon
  • Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen
  • Payam Dadvand
Early Life Environmental Health (J Sunyer, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Early Life Environmental Health


An accumulating body of evidence is suggestive for health-promoting effects of exposure to natural environments including green spaces. We aimed to systematically review the available observational evidence on the association between long-term exposure to green space and cognition over the life course. PubMed and Scopus were searched using a combination of green space and cognition keywords. Original research articles of observational studies on the association between green space exposure and cognition were collected. The quality of available studies was assessed using available frameworks. The review identified 13 studies meeting the selection criteria. Considering the limited number of available studies, most of poor or fair quality, the existing evidence on the association between green spaces and cognition can be considered as inadequate; however, it is suggestive for beneficial associations between such an exposure and cognitive development in childhood and cognitive function in adulthood.


Green space Cognition Attention Life course Built environment Dementia 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Carmen de Keijzer, Mireia Gascon, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, and Payam Dadvand declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

40572_2016_116_MOESM1_ESM.docx (27 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 27 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmen de Keijzer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Mireia Gascon
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Payam Dadvand
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.ISGlobal, Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF)BarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP)BarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Instituto de Salud Global de Barcelona (ISGlobal)Barcelona Biomedical Research Park (PRBB)BarcelonaSpain

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