Differences in Chinese and Western tourists faced with Japanese hospitality: a natural language processing approach

Abstract

Since culture influences expectations, perceptions, and satisfaction, a cross-culture study is necessary to understand the differences between Japan’s biggest tourist populations, Chinese and Western tourists. However, with ever-increasing customer populations, this is hard to accomplish without extensive customer base studies. There is a need for an automated method for identifying these expectations at a large scale. For this, we used a data-driven approach to our analysis. Our study analyzed their satisfaction factors comparing soft attributes, such as service, with hard attributes, such as location and facilities, and studied different price ranges. We collected hotel reviews and extracted keywords to classify the sentiment of sentences with an SVC. We then used dependency parsing and part-of-speech tagging to extract nouns tied to positive adjectives. We found that Chinese tourists consider room quality more than hospitality, whereas Westerners are delighted more by staff behavior. Furthermore, the lack of a Chinese-friendly environment for Chinese customers and cigarette smell for Western ones can be disappointing factors of their stay. As one of the first studies in the tourism field to use the high-standard Japanese hospitality environment for this analysis, our cross-cultural study contributes to both the theoretical understanding of satisfaction and suggests practical applications and strategies for hotel managers.

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Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements During our research, we received the commentary and discussion by our dear colleagues necessary to understand particular cultural aspects that could influence the data’s interpretation. We would like to show gratitude to Mr. Liangyuan Zhou, Ms. Min Fan, and Ms. Eerdengqiqige for this.

We would also like to show gratitude to Ms. Aleksandra Jajus, from whom we also received notes on the editing and commentary on the content of our manuscript.

Funding

This work was supported by the Japan Construction Information Center Foundation (JACIC).

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HN and TH conceived of the presented idea. HN and EAC developed the theory. All members participated in planning the experiments. EAC and HME performed data collection, the experiments, and computations. EAC wrote the manuscript with support from HN and HME. EAC and HN participated in the discussion of results. T. Hiraoka supervised the project.

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Correspondence to Elisa Claire Alemán Carreón.

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Alemán Carreón, E.C., Mendoza España, H.A., Nonaka, H. et al. Differences in Chinese and Western tourists faced with Japanese hospitality: a natural language processing approach. Inf Technol Tourism (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40558-021-00203-8

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Keywords

  • Sentiment analysis
  • Hotels and lodging
  • Text mining
  • Chinese
  • English
  • Satisfaction and dissatisfaction factors