Information Technology & Tourism

, Volume 18, Issue 1–4, pp 43–59 | Cite as

Assessing reliability of social media data: lessons from mining TripAdvisor hotel reviews

Original Research
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Abstract

As an emerging research paradigm, big data analytics has been gaining currency in various fields. However, in existing hospitality and tourism literature there is scarcity of discussions on the quality of data which may impact the validity and generalizability of research findings. This study examines the reliability of online hotel reviews in TripAdvisor by developing a text classifier to predict travel purpose (i.e., business vs. leisure) based upon review textual contents. The classifier is tested over a range of cities and data sizes to examine its sensitivity to data samples. The findings show that, while the classifier’s performance is consistent across different cities, there are variations in response to data sizes and sampling methods. More importantly, a considerable amount of noise is found in the data, which leads to misclassification. Furthermore, a novel approach is developed to address the misclassification problem resulting from data noise. This study reveals important data quality issues and contributes to the theoretical development of social media analytics in hospitality and tourism.

Keywords

Big data Data quality Online hotel reviews Social media analytics Text classification Methodology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71373023) and Beijing Municipal Commission of Education (SM201611417001).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zheng Xiang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qianzhou Du
    • 3
  • Yufeng Ma
    • 4
  • Weiguo Fan
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Pamplin College of BusinessVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA
  2. 2.Collaborative Innovation Center of eTourismBeijing Union UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Business Information Technology, Pamplin College of BusinessVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA
  4. 4.Department of Computer ScienceVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA
  5. 5.Department of Accounting and Information Systems, Pamplin College of BusinessVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA

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