Abrasive wear mechanisms—including two-body and three-body abrasion—dominate the performance and lifespan of tribological systems in many engineering fields, even of those operating in lubricated conditions. Bearing steel (100Cr6) pins and discs in a flat-on-flat contact were utilized in experiments together with 5 and 13 µm Al2O3-based slurries as interfacial media to shed light on the acting mechanisms. The results indicate that a speed-induced hydrodynamic effect occurred and significantly altered the systems’ frictional behavior in tests that were performed using the 5 µm slurry. Further experiments revealed that a speed-dependent hydrodynamic effect can lead to a 14% increase in film thickness and a decrease in friction of around 2/3, accompanied by a transition from two-body abrasion to three-body abrasion and a change in wear mechanism from microcutting and microploughing to fatigue wear. Surprisingly, no correlation could be found between the total amount of wear and the operating state of the system during the experiment; however, the wear distribution over pin and disc was observed to change significantly. This paper studies the influence of the hydrodynamic effect on the tribological mechanism of lubricated abrasive wear and also highlights the importance to not only consider a tribological systems’ global amount of wear.
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We express our gratitude to the following funding agencies and collaborators: the European Research Council (ERC) under Grant No. 771237 (TriboKey), the China Scholarship Council (CSC) for awarding a scholarship to Yulong LI, and Nikolas SCHIFFMANN and Svenja DITTRICH for the assistance in the characterization of particles in the slurry.
Yulong LI. He received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in metallurgy engineering from Northeastern University, China, focusing on material preparation and its tribology properties. Currently, he is a Ph.D. student in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany. His research interests range from abrasive wear to the influence of surface profile in tribology.
Paul SCHREIBER. He completed his master degree in mechanical engineering at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany and subsequently earned his doctorate in the field of tribology in 2019. His research was focused mainly on the super-lubricious properties of ceramic materials and the influence of laser surface texturing on them. His postdoctoral time in the group of Christian GREINER at KIT mainly revolved around questions on the digitization of experimental tribology, in particular creating the pre-conditions for the generation of high-quality, interoperable measurement and metadata in accordance with the FAIR data principles.
Johannes SCHNEIDER. He received his diploma and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of Karlsruhe, Germany, in 1992 and 1997 respectively. His current position is a Staff Scientist at the Institute for Applied Materials—Reliability and Microstructure (IAM—ZM) at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany. His research interests include laser surface texturing and modification and its influence on friction and wear.
Christian GREINER. He obtained his master degree from the University of Stuttgart, Germany, in 2004 and his Ph.D. degree from the Max Planck Institute for Metals Research, Germany, in 2007. After a postdoc at the University of Pennsylvania, USA, he joined the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany, in 2010, where he became a full professor in 2021. He heads the Materials Tribology Group, mainly funded through a Consolidator Grant of the European Research Council (ERC). His research interests include microstructure property relations under a tribological load as well as bioinspired surface morphologies.
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Li, Y., Schreiber, P., Schneider, J. et al. Tribological mechanisms of slurry abrasive wear. Friction 11, 1079–1093 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40544-022-0654-1
- abrasive wear
- two-body abrasion
- three-body abrasion
- hydrodynamic effect