Fundamental theories and basic principles of triboelectric effect: A review
- 1.2k Downloads
Long-term observation of the triboelectric effect has not only proved the feasibility of many novel and useful tribo-devices (e.g., triboelectric nanogenerators), but also constantly motivated the exploration of its mysterious nature. In the pursuit of a comprehensive understanding of how the triboelectric process works, a more accurate description of the triboelectric effect and its related parameters and factors is urgently required. This review critically goes through the fundamental theories and basic principles governing the triboelectric process. By investigating the difference between each charging media, the electron, ion, and material transfer is discussed and the theoretical deduction in the past decades is provided. With the information from the triboelectric series, interesting phenomena including cyclic triboelectric sequence and asymmetric triboelectrification are precisely analyzed. Then, the interaction between the tribo-system and its operational environment is analyzed, and a fundamental description of its effects on the triboelectric process and results is summarized. In brief, this review is expected to provide a strong understanding of the triboelectric effect in a more rigorous mathematical and physical sense.
Keywordstriboelectric effect triboelectrification triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) interface
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51575340), State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication (No. LSL-1604) and the Shanghai Academy of Space Technology-Shanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Research Center of Advanced Aerospace Technology (USCAST2016-13). The authors gratefully acknowledge Tianlu Wang (PhD, ETH Zurich), Peng Zhang (PhD, UCLA), and Ning Yu (PhD, UCLA) for their useful comments and proofreading.
- Shafeek S, Luo J. Theoretical and numerical analysis of triboelectric nanogenerators for self-powered sensors. In 2016 5th International Conference on Electronic Devices, Systems and Applications (ICEDSA), 2016: 1–4.Google Scholar
- Bera B. Literature review on triboelectric nanogenerator. Imp J Interdiscip Res 2: 1263–1271 (2016)Google Scholar
- Trigwell S, Mazumder M K, Pellissier R. Tribocharging in electrostatic beneficiation of coal: Effects of surface composition on work function as measured by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy in air. J Vac Sci Technol Vac Surf Films 19: 1454–1459 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gooding D M, Kaufman G K. Tribocharging and the triboelectric series. In Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011.Google Scholar
- Huheey H, James E. Inorganic Chemistry: Principles of Structure and Reactivity. Pearson Education India.Google Scholar
- Adamson A. Physical Chemistry of Surfaces. Wiley, India, 1990.Google Scholar
The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.