Advertisement

Friction

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 432–442 | Cite as

Study on frictional behavior of carbon nanotube thin films with respect to surface condition

  • Youn-Hoo Hwang
  • Byung-Soo Myung
  • Hyun-Joon Kim
Open Access
Research Article
  • 209 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, tribological characteristics of thin films composed of entangled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were investigated. The surface roughness of CNT thin films fabricated via a dip-coating process was controlled by squeezing during the process with an applied normal force ranging from 0 to 5 kgf. Raman spectra and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the thin films were obtained to estimate the influence of the squeezing process on the crystallinity of the CNTs. The analysis revealed that squeezing could reduce surface roughness, while preserving the crystallinity of the CNTs. Moreover, the surface energy of the cover glass used to press the CNT thin film was found to be the critical factor controlling surface roughness. A micro-tribometer and macro-tribometer were used to assess the tribological characteristics of the CNT thin film. The results of the tribotest exhibited a correlation between the friction coefficient and surface roughness. Dramatic changes in friction coefficient could be observed in the micro-tribotest, while changes in friction coefficient in the macro-tribotest were not significant.

Keywords

carbon nanotubes friction surface roughness surface energy squeezing process UV irradiation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2015R1C1A1A01053416).

References

  1. [1]
    Fukuda T, Arai F, Dong L. Assembly of nanodevices with carbon nanotubes through nanorobotic manipulation. Proceedings of the IEEE 91(11): 1803–1818 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Popov V N. Carbon nanotube: Properties and application. Materials Science and Engineering R 43(5): 61–102 (2004)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Dai H. Carbon nanotubes: Synthesis integration, and properties. Acc Chem Res 35(12): 1035–1044 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Thostenson E T, Ren Z, Chou T W. Advances in the science and technology of carbon nanotubes and their composites: A review. Composites Science and Technology 61(13): 1899–1912 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Shingaya Y, Nakayama T, Aono M. Caron nanotube tip for scanning tunneling microscopy. Physica B 323(1–4): 153–155 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Larsen T, Moloni K, Flack F, Eriksson M A, Lagally M G, Black C T. Comparison of wear characteristics of etchedsilicon and carbon nanotube atomic-force microscopy probes. Applied Physics Letters 80(11): 1996–1998 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Fennimore A M, Yuzvinsky T D, Han W Q, Fuhrer M S, Cumings J, Zettl A. Rotational actuators based on carbon nanotubes. Nature 424: 408–410 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Doostani N, Darbari S, Mohajerzadeh S, Moravvej-Farshi M K. Fabrication of highly sensitive field emission based pressure sensor, using CNTs grown on micro-machined substrate. Sensors and Actuators A 201: 310–315 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Tripathi A K, Jain V, Saini K, Lahiri I. Field emission response from multi-walled carbon nanotubes grown on electrochemically engineered copper foil. Materials Chemistry and Physics 187: 39–45 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Choi B W, Chung D S, Kang J H, Kim H Y, Jin Y W, Han I T, Lee Y H, Jung J E, Lee N S, Park G S, Kim J M. Fully sealed, high-brightness carbon-nanotube field-emission display. Applied Physics Letters 75(20): 3129–3131 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Pathak S, Cambaz Z G, Kalidindi S R, Swadener. J G, Gogotsi Y. Viscoelasticity and high buckling stress of dense carbon nanotube brushes. Carbon 47(8): 1969–1976 (2009)Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Toth G, Maklin J, Halonen N, Palosaari J, Juuti J, Jantunen H, Kordas K, Sawyer W G, Vajtai R, Ajayan P M. Carbon-nanotube-based electrical brush contacts. Advance Materials 21(20): 2054–2058 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Hu P A, Zhang J, Li L, Wang Z, O’Neill W, Estrela P. Carbon nanostructure-based field-effect transistors for label-free chemical/biological sensors. Sensors 10(5): 5133–5159 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Jang Y T, Moon S I, Ahn J H, Lee Y H, Ju B K. A simple approach in fabricating chemical sensor using laterally grown multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Sensors and Actuators B 99(1): 118–122 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Tian Q, Tian Y, Zhang Z, Yang L, Hirano S. Fabrication of CNT@void@SnO2@C with tube-in-tube nanostructure as high-performance anode for lithium-ion batteries. Journal Power Sources 291: 173–180 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Casas C, Li W. A review of application of carbon nanotubes for lithium ion battery anode material. Journal of Power Sources 208: 74–85 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Kaseem M, Hamad K, Ko Y G. Fabrication and materials properties of polystyrene/carbon nanotube (PS/CNT) composites: A review. European Polymer Journal 79: 36–62 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Wang L, Song X, Wang T, Wand S, Wang Z, Gao C. Fabrication and characterization of polyethersulfone/carbon nanotubes (PES/CNTs) based mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) for nanofiltration application. Applied Surface Science 330: 118–125 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Wu Q, Wen M, Chen S, Wu Q. Lamellar-crossing-structured Ni(OH)2/CNTs/Ni(OH)2 nanocomposite for electrochemical supercapacitor materials. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 646: 990–997 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Bastwros M M H, Esawi A M K, Wifi A. Friction and wear behavior of Al-CNT composites. Wear 307(1–2): 164–173 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Nguyen K C, Ngoc M P, Nguyen M V. Enhanced photocatalytic activity of nanohybrids TiO2/CNTs materials. Materials Letters 165: 247–251 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Chen C S, Chen X H, Xu L S, Yang Z, Li W H. Modification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes with fatty acid and their tribological properties as lubricant additive. Carbon 43(8): 1660–1666 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Yu B, Lu Z, Zhou F, Liu W, Liang Y. A novel lubricant additive based on carbon nanotubes for ionic liquids. Materials Letters 62(17–18): 2976–2969 (2008)Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Falvo M R, Taylor II R M, Helser A, Chi V, Brooks Jr F P, Washburn S, Superfine R. Nanometre-scale rolling and sliding of carbon nanotubes. Nature 397: 236–238 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Falvo M R, Steele J, Taylor II R M, Superfine R. Evidence of commensurate contact and rolling motion: AFM manipulation studies of carbon nanotubes on HOPG. Tribology Letters 9: 73–76 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Kim H J, Kim D E. MD simulation of the frictional behavior of CNTs with respect to orientation. Tribology International 50: 51–56 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Kim D E, Kim C L, Kim H J. A novel approach to wear reduction of micro-components by synthesis of carbon nanotube-silver composite coating. CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology 60: 599–602 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Kinoshita H, Kume I, Tagawa M, Ohmae N. High friction of a vertically aligned carbon-nanotube film in microtribology. Applied Physics Letters 85(14): 2780–2781 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Yimsiria P, Mackley M R. Spin and dip coating of light-emitting polymer solutions: Matching experiment with modelling. Chemical Engineering Science 61(11): 3496–3505 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Osswald S, Flahaut E, Ye H, Gogotsi Y. Elimination of D-band in Raman spectra of double-wall carbon nanotubes by oxidation. Chemical Physics Letters 402: 422–427 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Dresselhaus M S, Dresselhaus G, Jorio A, Souza Filho A G, Saito R. Raman spectroscopy on isolated single wall carbon nanotubes. Carbon 40: 2043–2061 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Yang L, Greefeld I, Wagner H D. Toughness of carbon nanotubes conforms to classic fracture mechanics. Science Advances 2(2): e1500969 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Youn-Hoo Hwang
    • 1
  • Byung-Soo Myung
    • 1
  • Hyun-Joon Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Precision Mechanical EngineeringKyungpook National UniversitySangjuRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations