, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 387–394 | Cite as

Effect of arc–current and spray distance on elastic modulus and fracture toughness of plasma-sprayed chromium oxide coatings

  • Simanchal KarEmail author
  • Partha Pratim Bandyopadhyay
  • Soumitra Paul
Open Access
Research Article


In this experimental study, chromium oxide powder was sprayed on a low-carbon steel substrate using the atmospheric plasma spray process. The current and standoff distances (SODs) were varied to study their effect on the fracture toughness of the coatings. Theoretically, as the arc current increases, the melting of the ceramic oxide should increase and this in turn should lead to the formation of a dense coating. However, it was observed that if the arc power is too high and because the particle size of the powder is small (approximately 30 μm), the particles tend to fly away from the plasma core. Similarly, an appropriate SOD should provide the particles with more melting time, thus resulting in a dense coating. On the other hand, a larger SOD leads to the solidification of the molten particles before the droplets can reach the substrate. All these effects may lead to substantial variation in the fracture toughness of the coating. The present paper attempts to correlate the plasma spraying parameters and microstructure of the coating with the fracture toughness and other primary coating properties.


chromia coating fracture toughness plasma spray critical plasma spray parameter critical depth 



The authors are extremely grateful to Prof. Mihir Sarangi, IIT Kharagpur for providing his research facilities. Authors also acknowledge the MHRD, Govt. of India for the financial support.


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Copyright information

© The author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simanchal Kar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Partha Pratim Bandyopadhyay
    • 1
  • Soumitra Paul
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurWest BengalIndia

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