Friction

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 207–218 | Cite as

Finger pad friction and tactile perception of laser treated, stamped and cold rolled micro-structured stainless steel sheet surfaces

  • S. Zhang
  • X. Zeng
  • D. T. A. Matthews
  • A. Igartua
  • E. Rodriguez–Vidal
  • J. Contreras Fortes
  • E. Van Der Heide
Open Access
Research Article

Abstract

Tactile perception is a complex system, which depends on frictional interactions between skin and counter-body. The contact mechanics of tactile friction is governed by many factors such as the state and properties of skin and counter-body. In order to discover the connection between perception and tactile friction on textured stainless steel sheets, both perception experiments (subjective) and tactile friction measurements (objective) were performed in this research. The perception experiments were carried out by using a panel test method to identify the perceived roughness, perceived stickiness and comfort level from the participants. For the friction experiments, tactile friction was measured by a multi-axis force/torque transducer in vivo. The perceived stickiness was illustrated as an effective subjective stimulus, which has a negative correlation to the comfort perception. No significant evidence was revealed to the connection between the perceived roughness and comfort perception, and this relationship may be influenced by the participants’ individual experience, gender and moisture level of skin. Furthermore, the kinetic tactile friction was concluded as an objective stimulus to the comfort perception with a negative correlation.

Keywords

tactile friction perception pleasant touch biotribology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel, under Contract No. RFSR-CT-2011-00022.

References

  1. [1]
    Schreiner S, Rechberger M, Bertling J. Haptic perception of friction-Correlation friction measurements of skin against polymer surfaces with subjective evaluations of the surfaces’ grip. Tribology International 63: 21–28 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Tang W, Bhushan B. Adhesion, friction and wear characterization of skin and skin cream using atomic force microscope. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 76: 1–15 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Harih G, Dolsak B. Tool-handle design based on a digital human hand model. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 43(4): 288–295 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Kuijt-Evers L F M, Groenesteijn L, de Looze M P, Vink P. Identifying factors of comfort in using hand tools. Applied Ergonomics 35: 453–458 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Kuijt-Evers L F M, Vink P, de Looze M P. Comfort predictors for different kinds of hand tools: Differences and similarities. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 37: 73–84 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Ramalho A, Szekeres P, Fernandes E. Friction and tactile perception of textile fabrics. Tribology International 63: 29–33 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Klöcker A, Oddo CM, Camboni D, Penta M, Thonnard J L. Physical factors influencing pleasant touch during passive fingertip stimulation. PLOSONE 9(7): e101361 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Haggard P. Sensory neuroscience: from skin to object in the somatosensory cortex. Current Biology 20: 884–886 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Nakanishi Y. Hydrated Materials: Applications in Biomedicine and the Environment. Singapore: Pan Stanford Publishing Pte. Ltd, 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Lapière C M. The ageing dermis: The main cause for the appearance of “old” skin. British Journal of Dermatology 122: 5–11 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Hendriks C P, Franklin S E. Influence of surface roughness, material and climate conditions on the friction of human skin. Tribology Letters 37: 361–373 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Derler, S, Huber R, Feuz H P, Hadad M. Influence of surface microstructure on the sliding friction of plantar skin against hard substrates. Wear 267: 1281–1288 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Diridollou S, Vabre V, Berson M, Vaillant L, Black D, Lagarde J M, Grégoire J M, Gall Y, Patat F. Skin ageing: changes of physical properties of human skin in vivo. International Journal of Cosmetic Science 23: 353–362 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Cua A B, Wilhelm K P, Maibach H I. Frictional properties of human skin: relation to age, sex and anatomical region, stratum corneum hydration and trans epidermal water loss. British Journal of Dermatology 123: 473–479 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Veijgen N K, Masen M A, van der Heide E. Relating friction on the human skin to the hydration and temperature of the skin. Tribology Letters 49: 251–261 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Tomlinson S E, Carré M J, Lewis R, Franklin S E. Human finger contact with small, triangular ridged surfaces. Wear 271(9–10): 2346–2353 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Tomlinson S E, Lewis R, Carré M J, Franklin S E. Human finger friction in contacts with ridged surfaces. Wear 301(1–2): 330–337 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Bensmaia S, Manfredi L. The sense of touch. Encyclopedia of Human Behavior 2: 379–386 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Heinrich U, Koop U, Leneveu-Duchemin M C, Osterrieder K, Bielfeldt S, Chkarnat C, Degwert J, Hantschel D, Jaspers S, Nissen H P, Rohr M, Schneider G, Tronnier H. Multicentre comparison of skin hydration in terms of physical-, physiological- and product-dependent parameters by the capacitive method. International Journal of Cosmetic Science 25: 45–53 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Durakbasa M N, Osanna P H, Demircioglu P. The factors affecting surface roughness measurements of the machined flat and spherical surface structures-The geometry and the precision of the surface. Measurement 44(10): 1986–1999 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    van der Heide E, Saenz de Viteri V, Rodringuez-Vidal E, Pagano F, Wadman B, Wiklund D, Matthews D T A, Contreras Fortes J, Zhang S. Steel Sheet Surfaces with Enhanced Tactile Feel. Luxembourg: RFCS Publications, 2016.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Whitaker T, Simoes-Franklin C, Newell N F. Vision and touch: independent or integrated systmens for the perception of Texture. Brain Research 1242: 59–72 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Zhang S, Rodriguez Urribarri A, Morales Hurtado M, Zeng X, van der Heide E. The role of the sliding direction against a grooved channel texture on tool steel: An experimental study on tactile friction. International Journal of Solids and Structures 56–57: 53–61 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Lackner J R, Dizio P, Jeka J, Horak F, Krebs D, Rabin E. Precision contact of the fingertip reduces postural sway on individuals with bilateral vestibular loss. Experimental Brain Research 126: 459–466 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Adams M J, Briscoe B J, Johnson S A. Friction and Lubrication of Human Skin. Tribology Letters 26(3): 239–253 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Duvefelt K, Olofsson U, Johannesson C M, Skedung L. Model for contact between finger and sinusoidal plane to evaluate adhesion and deformation component of friction. Tribology International 96: 389–394 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Greenwood J A, Tabor D. The friction of hard sliders on lubricated rubber: The importance of deformation losses. Proceedings of the Physical Society 71(6): 989–1001 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Johnson S A, Gorman D M, Adams M J, Briscoe M J. The friction and lubrication of human stratum corneum. In Proceedings 19th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology, Leeds, UK, 1993: 663–672.Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    El-Shimi A F. In vivo skin friction measurements. Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists 28: 37–51 (1977)Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Comaish S, Bottoms E. The skin and friction: deviations from Amonton’s laws, and the effects if hydration and lubrication. British Journal of Dermatology 84: 37–43 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Nacht S, Close J, Yeung D, Gans E H. Skin friction coefficient: Changes induced by skin hydration and emollient application and correlation with perceived skin feel. Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists 32: 55–65 (1981)Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    Derler S, Gerhardt L C, Lenz A, Bertaux E, Hadad M. Friction of human skin against smooth and rough glass as a function of the contact pressure. Tribology International 42: 1565–1574 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Childs T H C, Henson B. Human tactile perception of screen-printed surfaces: Self-report and contact mechanics experiments. Proc IMechE, Part J: J Engineering Tribology 221: 427–441 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Skedung L, Danerlov K, Olofsson U, Aikala M, Niemi K, Kettle J. Finger-friction measurements on coated and uncoated printing papers. Tribology Letters 37: 389–399 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    Tang W, Ge S, Zhu H, Cao X, Li N. The influence of normal load and sliding speed on frictional properties of skin. Journal of Bionic Engineering 5: 33–38 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    Miyaoka T, Mano T, Ohka M. Mechanisms of fine-surfacetexture discrimination in human tactile sensation. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 105: 2485–2492 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    Skedung L, Arvidsson M, Chung J Y, Stafford C M, Berglund B, Rutland M W. Feeling small: exploring the tactile perception limits. Scientific Reports 3: 1–6 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Smith A M, Chapman C E, Deslandes M, Langlais J S, Thibodeau M P. Role of friction and tangential force variation in the subjective scaling of tactile roughness. Experimental Brain Research 144: 211–223 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    Hollins M, Lorenz F, Seeger A, Taylor R. Factors contributing to the integration of textural qualities: Evidence from virtual surfaces. Somatosensory and Motor Research 22(3): 193–206 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    Lui X, Yue Z, Cai Z, Chetwynd D G, Smith S T. Quantifying touch-feel perception: tribological aspects. Measurement Science and Technology 19(8):817–822 (2008)Google Scholar
  41. [41]
    Skedung L, Danerlov K, Olofsson U, Johannesson C M, Aikala M, Kettle J, Arvidsson M, Berglund B, Rutland M W. Tactile perception: Finger friction, surface roughness and perceived coarseness. Tribology International 44: 505–512 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    Hollins M, Faldowski R, Rao S, Young F. Perceptual dimensions of tactile surface texture: a multidimensional scaling analysis. Perception & Psychophysics 54: 697–705 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    Picard D, Dacremont C, Valentin D, Giboreau A. Perceptual dimensions of tactile textures. Acta Psychologicaol 114: 165–184 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    Annett J. Subjective rating scales: science or art. Ergonomics 45: 966–987 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Barnes C J, Childs T H C, Henson B, Southee C H. Surface finish and touch–a case study in a new human factors tribology. Wear 257: 740–750 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The author(s) 2017

Open Access: The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • X. Zeng
    • 3
  • D. T. A. Matthews
    • 2
    • 4
  • A. Igartua
    • 5
  • E. Rodriguez–Vidal
    • 5
  • J. Contreras Fortes
    • 6
  • E. Van Der Heide
    • 2
    • 7
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of TribologyTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Laboratory for Surface Technology and Tribology, Faculty of Engineering TechnologyUniversity of TwenteEnschedethe Netherlands
  3. 3.Shanghai Advanced Research InstituteChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Tata SteelResearch & DevelopmentIJmuidenthe Netherlands
  5. 5.IK4-TeknikerEibarSpain
  6. 6.Acerinox Europa SAULos BarriosSpain
  7. 7.TU DelftFaculty of Civil Engineering and GeosciencesDelftthe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations